Anatomy and Physiology of the Retina

  • Richard A. Normann
  • K. Shane Guillory
Part of the Topics in Biomedical Engineering International Book Series book series (TOBE)


Because sight is such a highly valued sensory modality, the mechanisms by which spatial, intensity, chromatic and temporal patterns of retinal illumination evoke perceptions which are fully congruent with the physical world around us has been a subject which has intrigued scientists and natural philosophers for centuries. While the answers to this question are still not quite within our grasp, the work of many researchers has provided us with a fairly good understanding of the retinal contributions to this fascinating question. As we move deeper into the visual pathways, our understanding becomes less precise, and the problems posed become more complex.


Ganglion Cell Receptive Field Lateral Inhibition Outer Segment Bipolar Cell 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard A. Normann
    • 1
  • K. Shane Guillory
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of BioengineeringUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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