Neural Mechanisms of Behavioral Plasticity in an Invertebrate Model System
The relatively recent capacity of neuroscientists to unravel the central neural networks mediating simple behaviors, aptly illustrated in the preceding chapters of this book, has enabled a revolutionary paradigmatic advance in neurobiology. Namely, complex, higher-order behavioral phenomena, many of which previously defied even attempts at precise definition, can now be approached mechanistically in relatively simple and defined neural networks. Such behavioral phenomena include, for example, motivation, drive, mood, choice, attention, and learning, both nonassociative (i.e., habituation, sensitization) and associative (i.e., classical and operant conditioning). Many of these phenomena may be considered forms of behavioral plasticity, i.e., changes in behavior that are acquired because of experience.
KeywordsFeeding Behavior Behavioral Plasticity Command Neuron Food Stimulus Withdrawal Behavior
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