Emergency and Integrated Management Programs
Most of the methods discussed in earlier sections have dealt with the long-term reduction of the prevalence of a disease or with its elimination over time. However, there are situations in which it is necessary to embark on an immediate, emergency control program. The most dramatic examples of this type of program occur when an exotic disease, such as foot-and-mouth disease, African swine fever or rabies, is introduced into an area previously free of the disease. The threat of this type of disease introduction is always present and as the quote above indicates, many believe that such introductions are inevitable. Most of the exotic diseases of livestock also infect wild animals, so that wild species must be considered in any emergency control program for livestock diseases. The general principles developed for the control of livestock diseases would apply to the emergency control of an exotic disease restricted to wild animals, if such control were considered necessary.
KeywordsWild Animal Newcastle Disease Eradication Program Control Zone African Swine Fever
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