Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

  • B. P. Uzzell
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)


Neuropsychological rehabilitation is as baffling to some as the brain damage itself. Its purpose is unclear to many lay persons and professionals who lack familiarity with treatments for brain damage. Neuropsychological rehabilitation is often conceptualized as cognitive exercises to improve mental functioning after an insult to the brain. While this is true in part, neuropsychological rehabilitation is much more. It is learning, relearning, and compensating for skills in reading, spelling, writing, arithmetic, remembering, attending, organizing, executing, or performing daily tasks. And it is much more. Neuropsychological rehabilitation addresses affective and social difficulties. Treatment is necessary when areas in the brain controlling emotions are effected by a brain insult, or during reactions after brain damage.


Traumatic Brain Injury Brain Injury Head Injury Closed Head Injury Cognitive Rehabilitation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Acker, M. B. (1986). Relationships between test scores and everyday life functioning. In: B. P. Uzzell & Y. Gross (Eds.), Clinical neuropsychology of intervention (pp. 85–117 ). Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alderman, N., Fry, R. K., & Youngson, H. A. (1995). Improvement of self-monitoring skills, reduction of behaviour disturbance and dysexecutive syndrome: Comparison of response cost and a new programme of self-monitoring training. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 5, 193–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arts, W. E M., Van Dongen, H. R., Van Hof-Van Duin, J., & Lammens, G. (1985). Unexpected improvement after prolonged posttraumatic vegetative state. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 48, 1300–1303.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baxt, W. G., & Moody, P. (1987). The impact of advanced prehospital emergency care on the mortality of severely brain-injured patients. The Journal of Trauma, 27, 365–369.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ben-Yishay, Y., Rattok, J., Lakin, E, Piasetsky, E. G., Ross, B., Silver, S., Zide, E., & Ezrachi, P. (1985). Neuropsychologic rehabilitation: quest for a holistic approach. Seminars in Neurology, 5, 252–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bergman, M. (1991). Computer-enhanced self-sufficiency: Part 1. Creation and implementation of a textwriter for an individual with traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychology, 5, 17–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bergman, M., & Kemmerer, A. G. (1991). Computer-enhanced self-sufficiency: Part 2. Uses and subjective benefits of a text writer for an individual with traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychology, 5, 25–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bergquist, T. E, & Malec, J. E (1997). Psychology: Current practice and training issues in treatment of cognitive dysfunction. NeuroRehabilitation, 8, 49–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bergquist, T. F., Boll, T. J., Corrigan, J. D., Harley, J. P., Malec, J. F., Millis, S. R., & Schmidt, M. E (1994). Neuropsychological rehabilitation: Proceedings of a consensus conference. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 9, 50–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Berker, E. A., Berker, A. H., & Smith, A. (1986). Translation of Broca’s 1865 report: Lcalization of speech in the third left frontal convolution. Archives of Neurology, 43, 1065–1072.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Borod, J. C. (1992). Interhemispheric and intrahemispheric control of emotion: A focus on unilateral brain damage. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 339–348.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bricolo, A., Turazzi, S., & Feriotti, G. (1980). Prolonged posttraumatic unconsciousness: Therapeutic assets and liabilities. Journal of Neurosurgery, 52, 625–634.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Calvanio, R., Levine, D., & Petrone, R. (1993). Elements of cognitive rehabilitation after right hemisphere stroke. Behavioral Neurology, 11, 25–57.Google Scholar
  14. Carlomagno, S., Eeckhout, P. V., Blasi, V, Belin, E, Samson, Y., & Deloche, G. (1997). The impact of functional neuroimaging methods on the development of a theory for cognitive remediation. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 7, 311–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Castejon, O. J. (1998). Morphological astrocytic changes in complicated human brain trauma. A light and electron microscopic study. Brain Injury, 12, 409–427.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Chittum, W. R., Johnson, K., Chittum, J. M., Guercio, J. M., & McMorrow, M. J. (1996). Road to awareness: An individualized training package for increasing knowledge and comprehension of personal deficits in persons with acquired brain injury. Brain Injury, 10, 763–776.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Christensen, A.-L., Pinner, E. M., Moller-Pedersen, E, Teasdale, T. W, & Trexler, L. (1992). Psychosocial outcome following individualized neuropsychological rehabilitation of brain damage. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 85, 32–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Daffner, R. H., Deeb, Z. L., Lupetin, A. R., & Rothfus, W. E. (1988). Patterns of high-speed impact injuries in motor vehicle occupants. The Journal of Trauma, 28, 498–501.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Davis, J. R., Turner, W, Rolider, A., & Cartwright, T. (1994). Natural and structured baselines in the treatment of aggression following brain injury. Brain Injury, 8, 589–597.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. DeJong, G. I., Buwalda, B., Schuurman, T., & Luiten, P. G. M. (1992). Synaptic plasticity in the dentate gyrus of aged rates is altered after chronic nimodipine application. Brain Research, 596, 345–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Derryberry, D., & Tucker, D. M. (1992). Neural mechanisms of emotion. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 60, 329–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Deutsch, G., Mountz, J. M., Twieg, D. B., Southwood, M. H., San Pedro, E. C., & Liu, H. G. (1998). Xenon SPECT, 1MRI and FDG evidence for reorganization post stroke. Neurolmage, 7, 463–498.Google Scholar
  23. Diller, L. L. (1976). A model for cognitive retraining in rehabilitation. Clinical Psychologist, 29, 13–14.Google Scholar
  24. Diller, L. L., & Weinberg, J. (1977). Hemi-attention in rehabilitation: The evolution of a rational remediation program. Advances in Neurology, 18, 63–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Franklin, S. (1997). Designing single case treatment studies for aphasic patients. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 7, 401–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Friedland, D., & Miller, N. (1998). Conversation analysis of communication breakdown after closed head injury. Brain Injury, 12, 1–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gainotti, G. (1997). Emotional disorders in relation to unilateral brain damage. In: T. E. Feinberg & M. J. Farah (Eds.), Behavioral neurology and neuropsychology (pp. 691–698 ). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  28. Gerber, A. (1993). Language-related learning disabilities. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
  29. Glisky, E. L., Schacter, D. L., & Tulving, E. (1986). Learning and retention of computer-related vocabulary in amnesic patients: method of vanishing cues. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 8, 292–312.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Gordon, W. A., Sliwinski, M., Echo, J., Mcloughlin, M., Sheerer, M., & Meili, T. E. (1998). The benefits of exercise in individuals with traumatic brain injury: A retrospective study. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 13, 58–67.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hart, T., & Hayden, M. E. (1986). The ecological validity of nuropsycho1ogicai assessment and remediation. In: B. P. Uzzell & Y. Gross (Eds.). Clinical neuropsychology of intervention (pp. 21–50 ). Boston: Martinus Nijhoff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Heiss, W.-D., Herholz, K., Pawlik, G., Wagner, R., & Wienhard, K. (1986). Positron emission tomography in neuropsychology. Neuropsychologia, 24, 141–149.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. High, W. M., Boake, C., & Lehmkuhl, L. D. (1995). Critical analysis of studies evaluating the effectiveness of rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 10, 14–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hinchliffe, F. J., Murdoch, B. E., Chenery, H. J., Baglioni, A. J., Jr., & Harding-Clark, J. (1998). Cognitive-linguistic subgroups in closed head injury. Brain Injury, 12, 369–398.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ho, M. R., & Bennett, T. L. (1997). Efficacy of neuropsychological rehabilitation for mild-moderate traumatic brain injury. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 12, 1–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Jennett, B., Teasdale, G., Galbraith, S., Pickard, J., Grant, H., Braakman, R., Avezaat, C., Maas, A., Minderhoud, J., Vecht, J., Heiden, J., Small, R., Caton, W, & Kurze. T. (1977). Severe head injuries in three countries. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 40, 291–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Johnson, D., & Almli, C. R. (1978). Age, brain damage and performance. In: S. Finger (Ed.), Recovery from brain damage: Research and theory (pp. 115–134 ), New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Johnstone, B., & Farmer, J. E. (1997). Preparing neuropsychologists for the future: The need for additional training guidelines. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 12, 523–530.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Kater, S. B., Mattson, M. P., & Guthrie, P. B. (1989). Calcium-induced neuronal degeneration: A normal growth cone regulating signal gone awry (?). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 568, 252–261.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kelly, D. F. (1995). Alcohol and head injury: An issue revisited. Journal of Neumtrauma, 12, 883–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kibby, M. Y., Schmitter-Edgecombe, M., & Long, C. J. (1998). Ecological validity of neuropsychological tests: Focus on the California verbal learning test and the Wisconsin card sorting test. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 13, 523–534.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Knight, R. G., Devereux, R., & Godfrey, H. P. D. (1998). Caring for a family member with with a traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 6, 443–454.Google Scholar
  43. Knopman, D. S., Rubens, A. B., Seines, O. A., Klassen, A. C., & Meyer, M. W. (1984). Mechanisms of recovery from aphasia: Evidence from serial Xenon 133 cerebral blood flow studies. Annals of Neurology, 15, 530–535.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Kolakowsky, S. A., & Parente, R. (1997). Nootropics, nutrients and other cognitive enhancing substances for use in cognitive rehabilitation. The Journal of Cognitive Rehabilitation, 15, 12–24.Google Scholar
  45. Kraus, M. E, & Maki, P. (1997). The combined use of amantadine and L-dopa/carbidopa in the treatment of chronic brain injury. Brain Injury, 11, 455–460.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Laatsch, L., Jobe, T., Sychra, J., Lin, Q., & Blend, M. (1997). Impact of cognitive rehabilitation therapy on neuropsychological impairments as measured by brain perfusion SPECT: Longitudinal study. Brain Injury, 11, 851–863.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. LaBar, K. S., & LeDoux, J. E. (1997). Emotion and the brain: An overview. In: T. E. Feinberg & M. J. Farah (Eds.), Behavioral neurology and neuropsychology (pp. 675–689 ). NewYork: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  48. Leng, N. R. C., & Copello, A. G. (1990). Rehabilitation of memory after brain injury: is there an effective technique. Clinical Rehabilitation, 4, 63–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Lloyd, L. E, & Cuvo, A. J. (1994). Maintenance and generalization of behaviours after treatment of persons with traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 8, 529–540.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Luerssen, T. G., Klauber, M. R., & Marshall, L. E (1988). Outcome from head injury related to patient’s age. Journal of Neurosurgery, 68, 400–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Mangiardi, J. R. (1986). Head injury. Hospital Physician, 22, 20–32.Google Scholar
  52. Mattson, M. P., Cheng, B., Davis, D., Bryant, K., Lieberburg, I., & Rydel, R. E. (1992). β-Amyloid peptides destabilize calcium homeostasis and render human cortical neurons vulnerable to excitotoxicity. Journal of Neuroscience, 12, 376–389.Google Scholar
  53. Max, J. E., Lindgren, S. D., Knutson, C., Pearson, C. S., Thrig, D., & Welborn, A. (1997). Child and adolescent traumatic brain injury: Psychiatric findings from a paediatric outpatient speciality clinic. Brain Injury, 11, 699–711.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. McDonald, D. G., & Hodgdon, J. A. (1991). Psychological effects of aerobic fitness training: Research and theory. New York: Springer-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. McDonald, S. (1992). Communication disorders following closed head injury: New approaches to assessment and rehabilitation. Brain Injury, 6, 283–292.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. McIntosh, T. K. (1994). Neurochemical sequelae of traumatic brain injury: Therapeutic implications. Cerebrovascular and Brain Metabolism Reviews, 6, 109–162.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. McNeill, S. E., & Lichtenberg, P. A. (1998). Predictors for functional outcome in older rehabilitation patients. Rehabilitation Psychology, 43, 248–257.Google Scholar
  58. McPherson, K., Berry, A., & Pentland, B. (1997). Relationships between cognitive impairments and functional performance after brain injury, as measured by the functional assessment measure. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 7, 241–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Milders, M. V., Berg, I. J., & Deelman, D. G. (1995). Four-year follow-up of a controlled memory training study in closed head injured patients. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 5, 233–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Miller, J. D., Sweet, R. C., Narayan, R., & Becker, D. P. (1978). Early insults to the injured brain. Journal of American Medical Association, 240, 439–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Nelson, L. D., & Adams, K. M. (1997). Challenges for neuropsychology in treatment and rehabilitation of brain-injured patients. Psychological Assessment, 9, 368–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Obrist, W. D., & Wilkinson, W. E. (1990). Regional cerebral blood flow measurement in humans by xenon-133 clearance. Cerebrovascular and Brain Metabolism Reviews, 2, 283–327.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Posner, U., Kohler, J. A., & Schonle, P. W. (1996). Historical review of neuropsychological rehabilitation in Germany. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 6, 257–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Prigatano, G. P. (1992). Personality disturbances associated with traumatic brain injury. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 60, 360–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Prigatano, G. P. (1997). Learning from our successes and failures: Reflections and comments on “Cognitive rehabilitation: How it is and how it might be” Journal of International Neuropsychological Society, 3, 497–499.Google Scholar
  66. Prigatano, G. P., Fordyce, D. J., Zeiner, H. K., Roueche, J. R., Pepping, M., & Wood, B. C. (1986). Neuropsychological rehabilitation after brain injury. Baltimore: John Hopkins Press.Google Scholar
  67. Putnam, S. H., & DeLuca, J. W. (1990). The TCN professional practice survey: Part 1: General practices of neuropsychologists in primary employment and private practice settings. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 4, 199–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Risberg, J., & Jensen, L. R. (1994). The valued of regional cerebral blood flow measurements in neuropsychological rehabilitation. In: A.-L. Christensen & B.P. Uzzell (Eds.), Brain injury and neuropsychological rehabilitation: International perspectives (pp. 71–83 ). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  69. Rose, E. D., Johnson, D. A., & Attree, E. A. (1997). Rehabilitation of the head-injured child: Basic research and new technology. Pediatric Rehabilitation, 1, 3–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Rosenthal, M. (1996). 1995 Sheldon Berrol, MD senior lectureship: The ethics and efficacy of traumatic brain injury rehabilitation-Myths, measurements and meaning. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 11, 88–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Sbordone, R. J., Seyranian, G. D., & Ruff, R. M. (1998). Are subjective complaints of traumatically brain injured patients reliable? Brain Injury, 6, 505–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Schacter, D. L., & Glisky, E. T. (1986). Memory remediation: Restoration, alleviation, and the acquisition of domain-specific knowledge. In: B.P. Uzzell & Y. Gross (Eds.), Clinical neuropsychology of intervention (pp. 257–282 ). Boston: Martinus Nijhofft.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Sherer, M., Bergloff, P., Boake, C., High, W, & Levin, E. (1998). The awareness questionnaire: Factor structure and internal consistency. Brain Injury, 12, 63–68.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Snow, P., Douglas, J., & Ponsford, J. (1997). Conversational assessment following traumatic brain injury: A comparison across two control groups. Brain Injury, 11, 409–429.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Snow, P., Douglas, J., & Ponsford, J. (1998). Conversational discourse abilities following severe traumatic brain injury: A follow-up study. Brain Injury, 12, 911–935.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Sohlberg, Mc. M., & Mateer, C. A. (1989). Introduction to cognitive rehabilitation: Theory and practice. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  77. Sohlberg, Mc. M., & Raskin, S. A. (1996). Principles of generalization applied to attention and memory interventions. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 11, 85–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Sohlberg, Mc. M., Glang, A., & Todis, B. (1998). Improvement during baseline: Three case studies encouraging collaboration research when evaluating caregiver training. Brain Injury, 12, 333–346.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Steegman, A. T. (1962). Dr. Harlow’s famous case: The “impossible” accident of Phineas P. Gage. Surgery, 52, 952–958.Google Scholar
  80. Stein, D. G., Glasier, M. M., & Hoffman, S. W. (1994). Pharmacologic treatments for brain-injury repair: Progress and prognosis. In: A.-L. Christensen & B. P. Uzzell (Eds.), Brain injury and neuropsychological rehabilitation: International perspectives (pp. 17–39 ). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  81. Stein, D. G., Brailowsky, S., & Will, B. (1995). Brain repair. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  82. Stein, R. A., & Strickland, T. L. (1998). A review of the neuropsychological effects of use prescription medications. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 13, 259–284.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Stuss, D. T., Gow, C. A., & Hetherington. (1992). “No longer Gage”: Frontal lobe dysfunction and emotional changes. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 60, 349–359.Google Scholar
  84. Tate, R. L. (1997). Beyond one-bun, two-shoe: Recent advances in the psychological rehabilitation of memory disorders after acquired brain injury. Brain Injury, 11, 907–918.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Taverni, J. P., Seliger, G., & Lichtman, S. W (1998). Donepezil mediated memory improvement in traumatic brain injury during post acute rehabilitation. Brain Injury, 12, 77–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Teasdale, G., Skene, A., Spiegelhalter, D., & Murray, L. (1982). Age, severity and outcome of head injury. In: R. G. Grossman & P. L. Gildenberg (Eds.), Head injury: Basic and clinical aspects (pp. 213–220 ), New York: Raven Press.Google Scholar
  87. Teasdale, T. W., Christensen, A.-L., Wilimes, K., Deloche, G., Braga, L., Stachowiak, F., Vendrell, J. M., CastroCaldas, A., Laaksonen, R. K., & Lecclercq, M. (1997). Subjective experience in brain-injured patients and their close relatives: A European brain injury questionnaire study. Brain Injury, 11, 543–563.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Terayama, Y., Meyer, J. S., & Kawamura, J. (1991). Cognitive recovery correlates with long-term increases of cerebral perfusion after head injury. Surgical Neurology, 36, 335–342.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Terayama, Y., Meyer, J. S., Kawamura, J., & Weathers, S. (1991). Role of thalamus and white matter in cognitive outcome after head injury. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 11, 852–860.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Thomas-Stonell, N., Johnson, P., Schuller, R., & Jutai, J. (1994). Evaluation of a computer-based program for remediation of cognitive-communication skills. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 9, 25–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Uzzell, B. P. (1998). Inconsistent effects of alcohol on head injury outcome. Presentation at American Neuropsychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  92. Uzzell, B. P. (1999). Mild head injury: much ado about something. In: N. R. Varney & R. Roberts (Eds.), Evaluation and treatment of mild TBI (pp. 1–13 ). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  93. Uzzell, B. P., Obrist, W. D., Dolinskas, C. A., & Langfitt, T. W (1986). Relationship of acute CBF and ICP findings to neuropsychological outcome in severe head injury. Journal of Neurosurgery, 65, 630–635.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Uzzell, B. P., Obrist, W D., Dolinskas, C. A., Langfitt, T. W, & Wiser, R. E (1987). Relation of visual field defects to neuropsychological outcome after closed head injury. Acta Neurochirurgica, 86, 18–27.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Uzzell, B. P., Dolinskas, C. A., & Langfitt, T. W (1988). Visual field defects in relation to head injury severity: A neuropsychological study. Archives of Neurology, 2, 19–27.Google Scholar
  96. Uzzell, B. P., Dolinskas, C. A., & Wiser, R. E. (1990). Relation between intracranial pressure, computed tomographic lesion and neuropsychological outcome. Advances in Neurology, 52, 269–274.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Warren, S. E, & Reichle, J. (1992). Causes and effects in communication and language intervention. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
  98. Watson, M. J., Horn, S., Wilson, B. A,. Shiel, A., & McLellan, L. (1997). The application of a paired comparisons technique to identify sequence of recovery after severe head injury. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 4, 441–458.Google Scholar
  99. Wilson, B.A. (1987). Single-case experimental designs in neuropsychological rehabilitation. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 9, 527–544.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Wilson, B. A. (1997). Cognitive rehabilitation: How it is and how it might be. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 3, 487–496.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Wilson, B. A., & Evans, J. J. (1996). Error-free learning in the rehabilitation of people with impairments. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 11, 54–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Zimmerman, R. A., & Bilaniuk, L. T. (1994). Pediatric head trauma. Neuroimaging Clinics of North America, 4, 349–366.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. P. Uzzell
    • 1
  1. 1.Memorial Neurological AssociationHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations