The Oliver Zangwill Center for Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

A Partnership Between Health Care and Rehabilitation Research
  • Barbara A. Wilson
  • Jonathan Evans
  • Sue Brentnall
  • Sheila Bremner
  • Clare Keohane
  • Huw Williams
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)


The Oliver Zangwill Center (OZC) for Neuropsychological Rehabilitation officially opened in November 1996, following 3 years of negotiations between Lifespan Healthcare National Health Service (NHS) Trust, the Medical Research Council, and Anglia & Oxford Health Authority Research and Development Initiative. The center was named after Oliver Zangwill, Professor of Psychology at the University of Cambridge between 1954 and 1984, and a pioneer of brain injury rehabilitation in the 1940s, when he worked in Edinburgh helping soldiers wounded in World War II (Zangwill, 1947). The program is modeled on the work of the Adult Day Hospital for Neurological Rehabilitation in Phoenix, Arizona, which in turn grew out of an earlier program based in Oklahoma City (Prigatano et al., 1986). Prigatano’s program was heavily influenced by Ben-Yishay (1978) and adopted a holistic approach. Christensen opened a similar center in Copenhagen in 1985 (Christensen & Teasdale, 1995). The OZC follows many of the principles laid down by Ben-Yishay, Prigatano, and Christensen, although it probably has a stronger commitment to research than the centers established earlier.


Traumatic Brain Injury Brain Injury National Health Service Occupational Therapist Cognitive Rehabilitation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alderman, N. (1996). Central executive deficit and response to operant conditioning methods. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 6, 161–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aronow, H. U. (1987). Rehabilitation effectiveness with severe brain injury: Translating research into policy. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 2, 24–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baddeley, A. D., & Wilson, B. A. (1994). When implicit learning fails: Amnesia and the problem of error elimination. Neuropsychologia, 32, 53–68.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ben-Yishay, Y. (1978). Working approaches to remediation of cognitive deficits in brain damaged persons. Rehabilitation Monograph No. 59. New York: New York University Medical Center.Google Scholar
  5. Ben-Yishay, Y., & Prigatano, G. P. (1990). Cognitive remediation. In M. Rosenthal, E. R. Griffith, M. R. Bond, & J. D. Miller (Eds.), Rehabilitation of the adult and child with traumatic brain injury ( 2nd ed, pp. 393–409 ). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.Google Scholar
  6. Ben-Yishay, Y., Rattok, J., Lakin, P., Piasetsky, E. G., Ross, B., Silver, S., Zide, E., & Ezrachi, P. (1985). Neuropsychologic rehabilitation: Quest for a holistic approach. Seminars in Neurology, 5, 252–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bergman, M. M., & Kemmerer, A. G. (1991). Computer-enhanced self sufficiency: Part 2. Uses and subjective bene-Google Scholar
  8. fits of a text writer for an individual with traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychology, 5,25–28.Google Scholar
  9. Blackerby, W. E (1990). Intensity of rehabilitation and length of stay. Brain Injury, 4, 167–173.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Christensen, A-L., & Teasdale, T. W. (1995). A clinical and neuropsychological led postacute rehabilitation programme. In M. A. Chamberlain, V. C. Newman, & A. Tennant (Eds.), Traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: Initiatives in service delivery, treatment and measuring outcome (pp. 88–98 ). New York: Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar
  11. Clare, L., Wilson, B. A., Breen, E. K., & Hodges, J. R. (1999). Learning face—name associations in early Alzheimer’s disease. Neurocase, 5, 37–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cope, D. N., Cole, J. R., Hall, K. M., & Barkan, H. (1991). Brain injury: Analysis of outcome in a post-acute rehabilitation system. Part 1: General analysis. Brain Injury, 5, 111–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cope, N. (1994). Traumatic brain injury rehabilitation outcome studies in the United States. In A.-L. Christensen & B.P. Uzzell (Eds.), Brain injury and neuropsychological rehabilitation: International perspectives (pp. 201–220 ). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  14. Downes, J. J., Kalla, T., Davies, A. D. M., Flynn, A., Ali, H., & Mayes, A. R. (1997). The preexposure technique: A novel method for enhancing the effects of imagery in face-name association learning. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 7, 195–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Evans, J. J., Emslie, H., & Wilson, B. A. (1998). External cueing systems in the rehabilitation of executive impairments of action. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 1, 399–408.Google Scholar
  16. Fryer, J., & Haffey, W. (1987). Cognitive rehabilitation and community readaptation: Outcomes from two program models. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 2, 51–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Greenwood, R. J., & McMillan, T. M. (1993). Models of rehabilitation programmes for the brain-injured adult-I: Current provision, efficacy and good practice. Clinical Rehabilitation, 7, 248–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Johnson, R. (1987). Return to work after severe head injury. International Disability Studies, 9, 49–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Katz, R. C., & Wetz, R. T. (1997). The efficacy of computer-provided reading treatment for chronic aphasic adults. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 40, 493–507.Google Scholar
  20. Kirsch, N. L., Levine, S. P., Fallon-Krueger, M., & Jaros, L. A. (1987). The microcomputer as an “orthotic” device for patients with cognitive deficits. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 2, 77–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kolb, B. (1995). Brain plasticity and behaviour. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  22. Mehlbye, J., & Larsen, A. (1994). Social and economic consequences of brain damage in Denmark. In A.-L. Christensen & B. P. Uzzell (Eds.), Brain injury and neuropsychological rehabilitation: International perspectives (pp. 257–267 ). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  23. Merzenich, M. M., Jenkins, W. M., Johnston, P., Schreiner, C., Miller, S. L., & Tallal, P. (1996). Temporal processing deficits of language-learning impaired children ameliorated by training. Science, 271, 77–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mills, V. M., Nesbeda, T., Katz, D. I., & Alexander, M. P. (1992). Outcomes for traumatically brain injured patients following post acute rehabilitation programmes. Brain Injury, 6, 219–228.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ponsford, J. (1995). Mechanisms, recovery and sequelae of traumatic brain injury: A foundation for the REAL approach. In J. Ponsford, S. Sloan, & P. Snow (Eds.), Traumatic brain injury: Rehabilitation for everyday adaptive living (pp. 1–31 ). Hove, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  26. Prigatano, G. P., Fordyce, D. J., Zeiner, H. K., Roueche, J. R., Pepping, M., & Wood, B. C. (Eds.). (1986). Neuropsychological rehabilitation after brain injury. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Prigatano, G. P., Klonoff, P. S., O’Brien, K. P., Altman, I. M., Amin, K., Chiapello, D., Shepherd, J., Cunningham, M., & Mora, M. (1994). Productivity after neuropsychologically oriented milieu rehabilitation. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 9, 91–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rattok, J., Ben-Yishay, Y., Ezrachi, O., Lakin, P., Piasetsky, E., Ross, B., Silver, S., Vakil, E., Zide, E., & Diller, L. (1992). Outcome of different treatment mixes in a multidimensional neuropsychological rehabilitation programme. Neuropsychology, 6, 395–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Robertson, I. H. (in press). Theory-driven neuropsychological rehabilitation: The role of attention and competition in recovery of function after brain damage. In D. Gopher & A. Koriat (Eds.), Attention and performance XVII. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  30. Robertson, I. H., Tegnér, R., Tham, K., Lo, A., & Nimmo-Smith, I. (1995). Sustained attention training for unilateral neglect: Theoretical and rehabilitation implications. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 17, 416–430.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shiel, A. (1999) The effect of rehabilitation on violent behaviour after severe head injury. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Southampton, England.Google Scholar
  32. Spivack, G., Spettell, C. M., Ellis, D. W, & Ross, S. E. (1992). Effects of intensity of treatment and lengths of stay on rehabilitation outcomes. Brain Injury, 6, 419–439.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sturm, W., Willmes, K., Orgass, B., & Hartje, W. (1997). Do specific attention deficits need specific training? Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 7, 81–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tallal, P., Miller, S. L., Bedi, G., Byma, G., Wang, X., Nagarajan, S. S., Schreiner, C., Jenkins, W. M., & Merzenich, M. M. (1996). Language comprehension in language-learning impaired children improved with acoustically modified speech. Science, 271, 81–84.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wilson, B. A. (1997). Cognitive rehabilitation: How it is and how it might be. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 3, 487–496.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Wilson, B. A. (1998). Recovery of cognitive functions following non-progressive brain injury. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 8, 281–287.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wilson, B. A. & Evans, J. J. (1996). Error free learning in the rehabilitation of individuals with memory impairments. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 11, 54–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wilson, B. A., & Watson, P. C. (1996). A practical framework for understanding compensatory behaviour in people with organic memory impairment. Memory, 4, 465–486.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wilson, B. A., Baddeley, A. D., Evans, J. J., & Shiel, A. (1994). Errorless learning in the rehabilitation of memory impaired people. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 4, 307–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wilson, B. A., Evans, J. J., Emslie, H., & Malinek, V. (1997a). Evaluation of NeuroPage: A new memory aid. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 63, 113–115.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wilson, B. A., J. C., & Hughes, E. (1997b). Coping with amnesia: The natural history of a compensatory memory system. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 7, 43–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zangwill, O. L. (1947). Psychological aspects of rehabilitation in cases of brain injury. British Journal of Psychology, 37, 60–69.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara A. Wilson
    • 1
  • Jonathan Evans
    • 2
  • Sue Brentnall
    • 2
  • Sheila Bremner
    • 2
  • Clare Keohane
    • 2
  • Huw Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences UnitAddenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, and the Oliver Zangwill Center, The Princess of Wales HospitalEly CambsUK
  2. 2.The Oliver Zangwill CenterThe Princess of Wales HospitalEly CambsUK

Personalised recommendations