Intergenerational Effects of the Japanese American Internment

Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


February 19 is called the Day of Remembrance for Japanese Americans throughout the United States. On that date in 1942, just 10 weeks after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 authorizing the exclusion of all persons of Japanese ancestry from “prescribed military areas.” The order led to the removal and incarceration of more than 110,000 individuals, over 90% of the Japanese American mainland population. The military considered the action necessary. Internment was presumably a precaution against the actions of any potentially disloyal Japanese near the Pacific. As a result, Japanese Americans living along the West Coast and portions of Arizona were ordered to leave their homes and move to concentration camps in desolate areas of the interior. Neither citizenship nor demonstrated loyalty mattered. Two-thirds of the interned were U.S. citizens. Surrounded by barbed wire and armed guards, the Japanese Americans were held in camps for an average of 2–3 years. The intergenerational effects of their ordeal are the focus of this chapter.


Ethnic Identity Holocaust Survivor Assembly Center Camp Experience American Civil Liberty Union 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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