The Role of Dependency and Colonialism in Generating Trauma in First Nations Citizens

The James Bay Cree
  • Marie-Anik Gagné
Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


Research on trauma among First Nations citizens has focused primarily upon the psychological aspects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The role of sociology in this area of research is different than that of psychology. This chapter elaborates upon a general sociological discussion of the legacy of colonialism and dependency and focus on the intergenerational effects of this trauma. Figure 1 illustrates the process by which the trauma is passed on, from the seed of colonialism to the outer layer, which represents the current traumatic events being experienced by First Nations citizens. The Cree of the James Bay region in Canada are utilized to describe this figure in more detail.


Sexual Abuse Anxiety Disorder Child Abuse Traumatic Event Family Violence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Anik Gagné
    • 1
  1. 1.Health Systems Research UnitClarke Institute of PsychiatryTorontoCanada

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