Chapter brought up-to-date
  • Giuseppe Schiavone


Since the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), which are analysed in Part 1, are specialized agencies linked by special agreements with the United Nations, a few words about the UN and two of the other specialized agencies, the Food and Agriculture Organization and the International Labour Organization, are called for. This is followed by a short account of the Bank for International Settlements, which is also referred to in connection with the IMF and the IBRD. The rest of this introduction is devoted to some non-European attempts at economic integration (which have not yet been very successful) and to the regional development banks.


Central Bank Unite Nation Member Country Gulf Cooperation Council Common External Tariff 
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A. General Works on International Institutions

  1. D. Wallace, Jr. and H. Escobar, The future of international economic organizations ( New York, Praeger, 1977 )Google Scholar
  2. G. Schiavone, International Organizations: A Dictionary ( 4th ed., London, Macmillan, 1997 ).Google Scholar
  3. See also The Europa Year Book. A World Survey (published since 1926), especially Volume I, which deals with international organizations.Google Scholar

B. The UN

  1. The Yearbook of the United Nations is the principal reference work of the United Nations, providing a comprehensive, one-volume account of the Organization’s work along with information on the activities of each specialized agency in the UN family.Google Scholar
  2. In addition to the annual World Economic Survey (published since 1948), mention should be made of the publications by the Regional Commissions, the Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean (annually)Google Scholar
  3. the Survey of Economic and Social Conditions in Africa (annually)Google Scholar
  4. the Survey of Economic and Social Developments in the ESCWA Region (annually)Google Scholar
  5. the Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific (annually) and the Economic Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific Google Scholar
  6. the Economic Survey of Europe (annually) and the Economic Bulletin for Europe (twice annually).Google Scholar
  7. See also: T. Meron, The United Nations Secretariat: The Rules and the Practice ( Lexington, Mass., D. C. Heath, 1977 )Google Scholar
  8. U Thant, View from the United Nations ( Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1978 )Google Scholar
  9. M. Hill, The United Nations System: Co-ordinating its Economic and Social Work ( Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1979 )Google Scholar
  10. T. M. Franck, Nation against Nation: What Happened to the UN Dream and What the US Can Do about It ( New York, Oxford University Press, 1985 )Google Scholar
  11. D. Williams, The Specialized Agencies and the United Nations: The System in Crisis ( London, C. Hurst & Co., 1987 )Google Scholar
  12. B. Urquhart and E. Childers, Towards a More Effective United Nations ( Uppsala, Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation, 1992 )Google Scholar
  13. A. Roberts and B. Kingsbury (eds), United Nations, Divided World. The UN’s Roles in International Relations, 2nd ed ( Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1993 )Google Scholar
  14. E. Luard, The United Nations - How it Works and What it Does (London, Macmillan, rev. 3/1994)Google Scholar
  15. M. Bertrand, The United Nations Past, Present and Future ( The Hague, Kluwer Law International, 1997 ).Google Scholar
  16. On regional integration: Handbook of Economic Integration and Cooperation Groupings of Developing Countries: Regional and Subregional Economic Integration Groupings, Vol. I ( United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva, 1996 )Google Scholar
  17. L. Fawcett and A. Hurrell (eds), Regionalism in World Politics: Regional Organization and International Order ( Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1996 )Google Scholar
  18. P. Demaret, J.-F. Bellis and G. Garcia Jiménez (eds), Regionalism and Multdateralism after the Uruguay Round ( Brussels, European Interuniversity Press, 1997 ).Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

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  • Giuseppe Schiavone

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