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Cardiac Arrest in Children

Abstract

Cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children and adults differ in many ways. Children are anatomically and physiologically different than adults and the underlying etiologies and pathophysiologies of cardiac arrests in children are quite different. In contrast to adults, children rarely suffer sudden ventricular fibrillation (VF) cardiac arrest due to atherosclerotic heart disease. The causes of pediatric arrests are more diverse and are usually secondary to profound hypoxia or asphyxia due to respiratory failure or circulatory shock [1, 2]. Prolonged hypoxia and acidosis impair cardiac function and ultimately lead to cardiac arrest. By the time the arrest occurs, all organs of the body have generally suffered significant hypoxic-ischemic insults [3–5].

Keywords

Cardiac Arrest Myocardial Blood Flow Chest Compression Basic Life Support Rescue Breathing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Berg

There are no affiliations available

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