Respiratory Failure Post-Coronary Bypass Surgery
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the most common cardiac surgery performed in the United States and around the world. In 1999, approximately 571 000 CABG surgeries were performed in the United States alone [1, 2]. Over the past decade the number of bypass operations has declined, especially when compared to other revascularization procedures, such as balloon angioplasty. However, the average age and associated comorbid conditions of patients who undergo CABG surgery has increased. The cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit is also used for valve repair, heart transplantation, and heart lung transplantation.
KeywordsChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Tracheal Stenosis Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation
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