Role of Epithelial ICAM-1 in Endotoxin-Induced Lung Injury

  • B. Beck-Schimmer
  • R. C. Schimmer
  • T. Pasch
Conference paper


Distal airway epithelial cells, alveolar epithelial cells, are vital for maintenance of the pulmonary air-blood barrier. Gaseous diffusion occurs across alveolar type I cells, large thin cells that cover the majority of the alveolar surface. Type II cells are cuboidal cells, which produce pulmonary surfactant. They are also progenitor cells capable of proliferating and differentiating into type I cells [1]. Recent evidence suggests that airway epithelial cells might also act as immune effector cells in response to noxious endogenous or exogenous stimuli. Several studies have shown that airway epithelial cells express and secrete various immune molecules such as adhesion molecules, cytokines and chemokines. Through the expression and production of these inflammatory mediators, the airway epithelium is thought to play an important role in the initiation and exacerbation of inflammatory response within the airway.


Alveolar Macrophage Airway Epithelial Cell Alveolar Epithelial Cell Intercellular Adhesion Mole Pulmonary Alveolar Epithelial Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Beck-Schimmer
  • R. C. Schimmer
  • T. Pasch

There are no affiliations available

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