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The “Game of Life”: Complexity is Criticality

Chapter

Abstract

So far we have visited many phenomena on Earth and in the universe. However, one geophysical phenomenon was left out, the most complex of all, namely biological life. In the early days ofself-organized criticality, we did not think about biology at all; we had only inert dead matter in mind. However, this situation has radically changed. The story is one in three acts, to be told in the next three chapters, with more to follow. We have constructed some simple mathematical models for evolution of an ecology of interacting species. However, to appreciate the content of the theory that came out at the end, a historical account of the activities seems most suitable.

Keywords

Cellular Automaton Static Configuration Nature Work Sandpile Model Avalanche Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Alstrom, P, and Leao, J. Self-Organized Criticality in the Game of Life. Physical Review E49 (1994) R25o7.Google Scholar
  2. Bak, P, Chen, K., and Creutz, M. Self-Organized Criticality in the Game of Life. Nature 342 (1989) 780.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Berlekamp, E., Conway, J., and Guy, R. Winning Ways for Your Mathematical Plays, vo1. 2. New York: Academic, 1982.Google Scholar
  4. Gardner, M. Mathematical Games. The Fantastical Combinations of John Conroy’s New Solitaire Game “Life.” Scientific American 223 (4) (1970) 120; (5) (1970) 114; 118(6)(197o) 114.Google Scholar
  5. Hemmingsen, J. Consistent Results on Life. Physica D 80, (1995) 80.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Bak

There are no affiliations available

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