The Sandpile Paradigm



The importance of our discovery of the coupled-pendulums case of self-organized criticality was immediately obvious to us. An open dissipative system had naturally organized itself into a critical scale-free state with avalanches of all sizes and all durations. The statistics of the avalanches follow the Gutenberg-Richter power law. There were small events and large events following the same laws. We had discovered a simple model for complexity in nature.


Critical State Sand Pile Nature Work Critical Height Sandpile Model 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per Bak

There are no affiliations available

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