Sweeteners and metabolic disorders

  • N. Finer

Abstract

It is only recently that man has been exposed to a significant intake of sweetness in the diet. The pattern of sweetener use is rapidly changing; use of sucrose from cane and beet is giving way to corn-derived syrups (which contain fructose as well as sucrose), new nutritive sweeteners such as sorbitol and xylitol, and a rapidly growing use of intense, non-nutritive (or artificial) sweeteners such as saccharin and aspartame. This chapter considers the metabolic fate of this variety of sweet-tasting dietary components, how they may affect health, and the problems they pose for individuals already suffering from certain metabolic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and phenylketonuria.

Keywords

Sugar Carbohydrate Mannitol Cane Glucagon 

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