The Biofeedback Treatment of Neurological and Neuropsychological Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence

  • Robert L. Hodes
  • Austin R. Woodard
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)


Biofeedback is one of several behavioral treatments designed to increase an individual’s self-regulation of physiology. It employs instrumentation to provide patients with both immediate and precise information about otherwise occult physiological processes. In clinical settings, biofeedback is typically used in conjunction with other behavioral or medical interventions to reduce the frequency of distressing symptoms or to minimize physical impairments. The mechanisms underlying biofeedback’s clinical efficacy are unclear. Different theorists have advanced varying explanations including operant conditioning of discrete physiological responses (Miller, 1969), the learning of a generalized relaxation response (Silver and Blanchard, 1978), and the production of cognitive changes promoting an increased sense of self-control and self-efficacy (Holroyd et al., 1984; Turk, Meichenbaum, and Berman, 1979). Despite these different viewpoints, agreement exists that motivated individuals are able to use biofeedback signals to learn voluntary control over a variety of physiologic parameters.


Cerebral Palsy Anal Sphincter Learn Disability Relaxation Training Biofeedback Training 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Hodes
    • 1
  • Austin R. Woodard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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