This chapter introduces three preliminary topics that will serve as the basis for much of the first part of this book (the first four chapters), which focuses on continuous-time Markov chain models. The three topics are (a) the birth—death process and related queueing models in Section 1.1, (b) the notion of time reversibility of a Markov chain in Section 1.2, and (c) likelihood ratio ordering and stochastic ordering in Section 1.3.
KeywordsMarkov Chain Service Rate Sojourn Time Rate Matrix Stochastic Order
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