Durability and Protection of Foundations

  • Thomas D. Dismuke


Failure of structures due to deterioration of the foundations occurs infrequently in some applications and far too frequently in others. Waterfront facilities (particularly in marine and tidal exposures) have a much higher incidence of material deterioration than land-based facilities. Protection of materials in aggressive environments and operations (or use) has long been recognized as a necessity. Satisfactory protection systems are available, but are, in many instances, misapplied or ignored. Foundation deterioration is. usually thought of in terms of electrochemical and chemical phenomena; however, causes of deterioration also include heat, abrasion, and inadequate time-dependent strength properties. Deterioration due to low-temperature environments and temperature cycling occurs rarely and is usually related, in the case of concrete, to severe exposure while curing. Foundations are not subjected to the temperature extremes that the supported structures are. This is a decided benefit.


Steel Slag Bridge Deck Splash Zone Site Data Cathodic Protection 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas D. Dismuke
    • 1
  1. 1.Bethlehem Steel CorporationUSA

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