Advertisement

Diseases of Safflower

Carthamus tinctorius L.
  • Robert F. Nyvall

Keywords

Cucumber Mosaic Virus Leaf Spot Verticillium Wilt Cercospora Leaf Spot Seed Head 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Ashri, A. 1961. The susceptibility to safflower varieties and species to several foliage diseases in Israel. Plant Dis. Rptr. 45: 146–150.Google Scholar
  2. Beech, D. F. 1960. Safflower—an oil crop for the Kimberleys. Western Australia Dept. Agric. Perth. Bull. 2720.Google Scholar
  3. Chakrabarti, D. K., and Basuchaudhary, K. C. 1978. Incidence of wilt of safflower caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. carthami and its relationship with the age of the host, soil and environmental factors. Plant Dis. Rptr. 62: 776–778.Google Scholar
  4. Claassen, C. E.; Schuster, M. L.; and Ray, W. W. 1949. New diseases observed in Nebraska on safflower, Plant Dis. Rptr. 33: 73–75.Google Scholar
  5. Duniway, J. M. 1977. Predisposing effect of water stress on the severity of Phytophthora root rot in safflower. Phytopathology 67: 884–889.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Erwin, D. C.; Starr, M. P.; and Desjardins, P. R. 1964. Bacterial leaf spot and stem blight of safflower caused by Pseudomonas syringae. Phytopathology 54: 1247–1250.Google Scholar
  7. Heritage, A. D., and Harrigan, E. K. S. 1984. Environmental factors influencing safflower screening for resistance to Phytopthora cryptogea. Plant Disease 68: 767–769.Google Scholar
  8. Irwin, J. A. G., and Jackson, K. J. 1977. Safflower diseases in Queensland. Queensland Agric. Jour. 103: 516–520.Google Scholar
  9. Jacobs, D. L.; Bergman, J. W.; and Sands, D. C. 1982. Etiology and epidemiology of bacterial leaf spot and stem blight of safflower in Montana. Phytopathology 72: 961 (abstract).Google Scholar
  10. Klein, M. 1970. Safflower phyllody-a mycoplasma disease of Carthamus tinctorius in Israel. Plant Dis. Rptr. 54: 735–738.Google Scholar
  11. Klisiewicz, J. M. 1974. Assay of Verticillium in safflower seed. Plant Dis. Rptr. 58: 926–927.Google Scholar
  12. Klisiewicz, J. M. 1975. Survival and dissemination of Verticillium in infected safflower seed. Phytopathology 65: 696–698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Klisiewicz, J. M. 1977. Effect of flooding and temperature on incidence and severity of safflower seedling rust and viability of Puccinia carthami teliospores. Phytopathology 67: 787–790.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Klisiewicz, J. M. 1977. Identity and relative virulence of some heterothallic Phytophthora species associated with root and stem rot of safflower. Phytopathology 67: 1174–1177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Klisiewicz, J. M. 1980. Safflower germ plasm resistant to Fusarium wilt. Plant Dis. 64: 876–877.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Klisiewicz, J. M. 1981. Isolation of turnip mosaic virus from safflower. Phytopathology 71: 886 (abstract).Google Scholar
  17. Klisiewicz, J. M. 1983. Etiology of severe mosaic and its effect on safflower. Plant Disease 67: 112–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Klisiewicz, J. M.; Houston, B. R.; and Peterson, L. J. 1963. Bacterial blight of safflower. Plant Dis. Rptr. 47: 964–966.Google Scholar
  19. Knowles, P. F., and Miller, M. D. 1965. Safflower. Univ. California Agric. Expt. Sta. Ext. Circ. 532.Google Scholar
  20. Lockhart, B. E. L., and Goethals, M. 1977. Natural infection of safflower by a tobamovirus. Plant Dis. Rptr. 61: 1010–1012.Google Scholar
  21. Lopez, C. J. A., and Fucikovsky, Z. L. 1986. Safflower Carthamus tinctorius L. stem soft rot at Chapingo, Mexico. Phytopathology 76: 374 (abstract).Google Scholar
  22. Mortensen, K., and Bergman, J. W. 1983. Cultural variance of Alternaria carthami isolates and their virulence on safflower. Plant Disease 67: 1191–1194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mortensen, K.; Bergman, J. W.; and Burns, E. E. 1983. Importance of Alternaria carthami and A. alternata in causing leaf spot diseases of safflower. Plant Disease 67: 1187–1190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Peterson, W. F. 1965. Safflower culture in the west-central plains. USDA Agric. Res. Serv. Agric. Info. Bull. No. 300.Google Scholar
  25. Raccah, B., and Klein, M. 1982. Transmission of the safflower phyllody mollicute by Neolaiturus fenestratus. Phytopathology 72: 230–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rathaiah, Y., and Pavgi, M. S. 1971. Ability of germinated conidia of Cercospora carthami and Ramularia carthami to survive dessication. Plant Dis. Rptr. 55: 846–847.Google Scholar
  27. Sackston, W. E. 1953. Foot and root infection by safflower rust in Manitoba. Plant Dis. Rptr. 37: 522–523.Google Scholar
  28. Sackston, W. E. 1960. Botrytis cinerea and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in seed of safflower and sunflower. Plant Dis. Rptr. 44: 664–668.Google Scholar
  29. Stovold, G. 1973. Phytophthora drechsleri Tucker and Pythium spp. as pathogens of safflower in New South Wales. Australian Jour. Exp. Agric. and Animal Husbandry 13: 455–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Thomas, C. A. 1970. Effect of seedling age on Pythium root rot of safflower. Plant Dis. Rptr. 54: 1010–1011.Google Scholar
  31. Thomas, C. A.; Klisiewicz, J.; and Zimmer D. 1963. Safflower diseases. USDA Agric. Res. Serv. ARS 34–52.Google Scholar
  32. Thomas, C. A.; Rubis, D. D.; and Black, D. S. 1960. Development of safflower varieties resistant to Phytophthora root rot. Phytopathology 50: 129–130.Google Scholar
  33. Weiss, E. A. 1971. Diseases of safflower, in Castor, Sesame and Safflower. Barnes and Noble, Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  34. Zazzerini, A.; Cappelli, C.; and Panattoni, L. 1985. Use of hot-water treatment as a means of controlling Alternaria spp. on safflower seeds. Plant Disease 69: 350–351.Google Scholar
  35. Zimmer, D. E. 1963. Spore stages and life cycle of Puccinia carthami. Phytopathology 53: 316–319.Google Scholar
  36. Zimmer, D. E.; Klisiewicz, J. M.; and Thomas C A 1963. Alternaria leaf spot and other diseases of safflower in 1962. Plant Dis. Rptr. 47: 643.Google Scholar
  37. Zimmer, D. E., and Thomas, C. A. 1967. Rhizoctonia blight of safflower and varietal resistance. Phytopathology57:946–949.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert F. Nyvall
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Pathology and North Central Experiment StationUniversity of MinnesotaGrand RapidsUSA

Personalised recommendations