As noted by the Institute of Medicine, “Virtually every malformation has been described in some patient with FAS” (IOM, 1996, p.77). Although the presence or absence of these malformations does not influence the diagnosis, many of these abnormalities are so commonly encountered in conjunction with FAS that their occurrence in this context must be more than coincidental.
KeywordsAlcohol Exposure Congenital Hypothyroidism Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Blood Alcohol Level Double Outlet Right Ventricle
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