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Extinctions and Local Disappearances of Vertebrates in the Western Mediterranean Islands

  • Josep Antoni Alcover
  • Bartomeu Seguí
  • Pere Bover
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Vertebrate Paleobiology book series (AIVP, volume 2)

Abstract

A landlocked sea between the Eurasian and African plates, the Mediterranean Sea may be thought of as an ocean in miniature (Margalef, 1985). Like other seas on the borderlands between contiguous plates (e.g., Antillean and Sundaland regions), the Mediterranean is rich in islands. The islands of the Mediterranean have a complex paleogeographical history. Some are properly described as “continental,” but others just as clearly resemble oceanic islands, and are named oceanic-like islands (Alcover et al., 1998). This is reflected in their biotic composition. On continental islands, species tend to be identical or nearly identical to those on the adjacent mainland, although much less diverse. In addition to their well-known tendency to exhibit great endemism at the species level, oceanic and oceanic-like islands also display very low diversity at higher taxonomic levels and disharmonious floral and faunal integration as compared with mainland areas of similar size (Alcover et al., 1998).

Keywords

Balearic Island Terrestrial Mammal Mediterranean Island Palynological Record Faunal Turnover 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josep Antoni Alcover
    • 1
  • Bartomeu Seguí
    • 2
  • Pere Bover
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut Mediterrani d’Estudis AvançatsCiutat de MallorcaSpain
  2. 2.Departament de Ciències de la TerraUniversitat de les Illes BalearsCiutat de MallorcaSpain

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