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The Use of Case Studies in R&D Impact Evaluations

  • Gordon Kingsley
Chapter

Abstract

The use of case study methods in evaluating R&D impacts poses a paradox. On the one hand, most of the major methodological advances in R&D evaluation are attributed to the areas of peer review, interview and questionnaire techniques, and quantitative methods such as econometrics, bibliometrics, and technology indicators, while case study is characterized as an old technique that has had no recent developments (Luukkonen-Gronow, 1987). On the other hand, many R&D impact evaluations qualify as case study research designs. The reason they may be considered so is that the design of most R&D impact evaluations focus on understanding the dynamics within a specific setting and do not relate findings to any scientific theory. Though case study can be used to relate events to theory (Eisenhardt, 1989; Yin, 1989), it is difficult to generalize from the findings from one setting (Cook & Campbell, 1979). This makes it difficult to identify and differentiate the use of case study separate from the other methods listed above.

Keywords

Technological Innovation Research Policy Impact Analysis Impact Evaluation Case Study Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gordon Kingsley
    • 1
  1. 1.The Maxwell School Center for Technology and Information PolicySyracuse UniversityUSA

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