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Modeling Sediment Transport in a Shallow Lake

  • Y. Peter Sheng
Part of the Marine Science book series (MR, volume 11)

Abstract

A systematic approach to study the sediment transport in shallow waters is presented. The approach combines mathematical modeling, remote sensing by satellite and aircraft, and laboratory and field experiments. Two- and three-dimensional hydrodynamic models are utilized and combined with significant wave models to account for the important mechanisms of sediment dispersion: convection, turbulent diffusion, gravitational settling, and re-suspension and deposition at sediment-water interface. Two examples of model application are presented: (1) a feasibility study of direct pipeline discharge of dissolved solids into the Central Basin of Lake Erie; and (2) a realistic sediment dispersion event of 3 days in the Western Basin of Lake Erie. For the sediment dispersion event, the model successfully simulates the observed general sediment dispersion pattern as well as the significant concentration gradient in the horizontal direction. The bottom sediments underwent appreciable resuspension and deposition during the 3-day event, while the net change in sediment thickness over much of the basin was quite small. The basic approach can be extended to study the sediment transport in estuarine and coastal regions.

Keywords

Sediment Transport Wind Stress Shallow Lake Hydrodynamic Model Eddy Viscosity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Peter Sheng
    • 1
  1. 1.Aeronautical Research Associates of Princeton, Inc.PrincetonUSA

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