Turbulent Processes in Estuaries

  • George B. Gardner
  • Arthur R. M. Nowell
  • J. Dungan Smith
Part of the Marine Science book series (MR, volume 11)


Estuaries usually are regions in which mixing of miscible fluids with differing densities is occurring; thus they are regions in which turbulent processes are of particular importance. Moreover, the nature of these turbulent processes, although highly variable, has a profound effect on the circulation. As a first approximation, theoreticians often write the diffusion of mass and momentum in terms of a tensor eddy coefficient having spatially varying components. In some cases this mathematical procedure closely approximates the physics of the problem whereas in others, it is reasonable neither from an oceanographic nor mathematical point of view. Without a physical understanding of the basic processes that ultimately result in mixing in systems of various types, it is impossible to judge the validity of such simplifications for specific embayments. Nevertheless, surprisingly little basic research has been done on the small scale processes that are responsible for turbulence production in such environments.


Shear Layer Internal Wave Reynolds Stress Reynolds Shear Stress Sand Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • George B. Gardner
  • Arthur R. M. Nowell
  • J. Dungan Smith

There are no affiliations available

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