Endotoxin pp 215-223 | Cite as

A New Endotoxin-Specific Assay

  • T. Obayashi
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 256)


After its development by Levin and Bang in 1968 (4), the limulus amebocyte lysate test had been considered specific for endotoxin until Kakinuma et al., found that carboxymethylated (1→3) −β -D-glucan also activates limulus coagulation enzymes (3). Morita et al., showed that amebocyte lysate contains, in addition to endotoxin-sensitive factor C, a factor G that is sensitive for a trace amount of (1→3)− β -D-glucan (Fig 1a) (5).


Serratia Marcescens Horseshoe Crab Systemic Fungal Infection Shigella Flexneri Limulus Amebocyte Lysate 
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  1. 1.
    Iwanaga, S., Morita, T., Harada, T., et al., 1978, Chromogenic substrat- es for horseshoe crab clotting enzyme. Its application for the assay of bacterial endotoxins. Haemostasis 7: 183–188.Google Scholar
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    Iwanaga, S., Morita, T., Miyata, T.. et al., 1984, The limulus coagulation system sensitive to bacterial endotoxins. in: “Bacterial endotoxin: chemical, biological, and clinical aspects.” J. Y. Homma et al., eds. Weinheim: Verlag Chemie GmbH, 365–382.Google Scholar
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    Kakinuma, A., Asano, T., Torii, H., and Sugino, Y., 1981. Gelation of Limulus amebocyte lysate by an antitumor (1-3) -13 -D-glucan. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 101: 434–439.Google Scholar
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    Levin, J., and Bang, F. B., 1968, Clottable protein in Limulus: its localization and kinetics of its coagulation by endotoxin. Thromb. Diath. Haemorrh. 19: 186–197.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Morita, T., Tanaka, S., Nakamura, T., and Iwanaga, S., 1981, A new (1β3)-ß -D-glucan-mediated coagulation pathway found in Limulus amebocytes. FEBS Lett 129: 318–321.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Obayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical PathologyJichi Medical School Minamikawachi-machiTochigiJapan

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