Evolution and Mutation of the Amino Acid Code
The function of a protein is determined by the nature and sequence of its amino acid sidechains. Evolution of proteins must depend first of all upon development of a system of genetically encoded amino acids, and secondly upon optimization of their primary sequences. Yet, in contrast to the extensive examination of evolution of protein sequences, the mechanisms by which the system of proteinous amino acids had arrived at the present ensemble have received only limited analysis. These mechanisms are the subject of this study.
KeywordsGenetic Code Encode Amino Acid Product Amino Acid Amino Acid Code Prebiotic Synthesis
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