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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (Noncombat)

  • Alyssa A. Rheingold
  • Ron Acierno

Abstract

Sixty percent of U.S. men and 68% of U.S. women experience a traumatic event at some point during their lives (Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, Hughes, and Nelson, 1995; Resnick, Kilpatrick, Dansky, Saunders, & Best, 1993). Consequently, these individuals are at significant increased risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a debilitating anxiety disorder originally conceptualized to explain psychiatric symptoms of combat participants. The diagnosis of PTSD requires exposure to a traumatic event depicted by intense fear, helplessness, or horror (Criterion A), followed by symptoms of re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal enduring for at least one month (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition [DSM-IV]; American Psychiatric Association, 1994). Examples of noncombat-related traumatic events include sexual assault, physical assault, natural disaster, serious accident, child sexual abuse, child physical abuse, child neglect, witnessing a traumatic event, and sudden loss of a loved one.

Keywords

Sexual Assault Traumatic Event Child Sexual Abuse Ptsd Symptom Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alyssa A. Rheingold
    • 1
  • Ron Acierno
    • 1
  1. 1.National Crime Victims Research and Treatment CenterMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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