Investigating Race and Gender Differences in Specialization in Violence

  • Alex R. Piquero
  • Stephen L. Buka


Contemporary interest in the study of criminal careers and career criminals can be traced back to the work of Chicago sociologist Clifford Shaw (1930) and his associates (Sutherland, 1937) continuing along with seminal works by the Gluecks (Glueck and Glueck, 1940), Lemert (1951), Becker (1963), and Goffman (1963) (e.g., Bursik, 1989). Perhaps the most seminal treatment of the concept of criminal careers and career criminals was established by Wolfgang and his colleagues (1972) in their book, Delinquency in a Birth Cohort, a study that traced the delinquent careers of 9,945 males who were born in 1945 and who lived in Philadelphia throughout the course of their juvenile years.


Birth Cohort Violent Crime Violent Offense Violent Offender Criminal Career 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex R. Piquero
    • 1
  • Stephen L. Buka
    • 2
  1. 1.University of FloridaUSA
  2. 2.Harvard School of Public HealthHarvard UniversityUSA

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