Children Who Cope: Some Implications for Intervention and Prevention

  • Gaston E. Blom
Part of the Child Nurturance book series (CHILDNUR, volume 4)


Behavioral scientists have become preoccupied with the language and concepts of disorder, deficit, illness, disability, handicap and disease as applied to the range of human behavior. They invariably see the minority of children and adults who are not coping and leading satisfactory lives. Concepts about child behavior, development and personality functioning have been strongly influenced by this biased perspective. In studying pathology at the neglect of normality, adversity has been given the highest percentage of attention. What is overlooked is that the majority of children and adults is able to lead satisfying, gratifying lives even under conditions of adversity, chronic stress and handicap.


Behavioral Style DHEW Publication Human Service Professional Emotional Intolerance Congenital Blindness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anthony, E. J. Naturalistic studies of disturbed families. In E. J. Anthony (Ed.), Explorations in child psychology. New York: Plenum Publishing, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anthony, E. J. The syndrome of the psychologically invulnerable child. In E. J. Anthony and C. Koupernik (Eds.), The child in his family: Children at psychiatric risk. New York: John Wiley, 1975.Google Scholar
  3. Anthony, E. J. A new scientific region to explore. In E. J. Anthony and C. Koupernik (Eds.), The child in his family: The vulnerable child. New York: Wiley, 1978.Google Scholar
  4. Barton, A. J. Communities in disaster: A sociological analysis of collective situations. New York: Doubleday, 1969.Google Scholar
  5. Barzerman, M., Sheehan, C., Ellison, D. L., and Schlesinger, E. P. Pregnant adolescents, a review of literature with abstracts, 1960–1976. Washington, D.C.: Consortium on Early Childbearing and Childrearing, 1971.Google Scholar
  6. Bleuler, M. The offspring of schizophrenics. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 1974, 8, 93–107.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Block, J. in collaboration with Haan, N. Lives through time. Berkeley: Bancroft Books, 1971.Google Scholar
  8. Blom, G. E. Heather’s story: Psychotherapy and the practice of the least restrictive alternative. Issue Paper UCIR. Michigan State University, January 1981.Google Scholar
  9. Blom, G. E. Psychological reactions of a school population to a skywalk accident. In C. D. Spielberger, Sarason and Milgram (Eds.), Stress and Anxiety, Vol. 8. Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, 1981.Google Scholar
  10. Blom, G. E., Cheney, B. D., and Snoddy, J. E. MSU program cork: Drinking/non-drinking curriculum for teachers, Cluster Two—Identification and processing of stress in children. College of Education. Michigan State University: East Lansing, MI 1982.Google Scholar
  11. Brazelton, C. B., and Als, H. Four early stages in the development of mother-infant interaction. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 1979, 34, 349–369.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Camp, B. W., Blom, G. E., Hebert, F., and vanDoorninck, W. J. “Think aloud11: A program for developing self-control in young aggressive boys. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 1977, 5, 157–169.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Children’s Defense Fund. America’s children and their families: Basic facts. Washington, D.C.: Children’s Defense Fund, 1979.Google Scholar
  14. Cianciolo, P. “Feeling books” develop social and personal sensitivities. Elementary English, 1975, 52, 37–42.Google Scholar
  15. Coleman, D. 1,528 little geniuses and how they grew. Psychology Today. February 1980, 28–43.Google Scholar
  16. Coles, R. Children of crisis. Boston: Little Brown, 1964.Google Scholar
  17. Eddinger, L., and Forbush, J. School age pregnancy and parenthood in the United States. Washington, D.C.: National Alliance Concerned with School Age Parents, 1977.Google Scholar
  18. Fassler, J. Helping children cope: Mastering life through books and stories. New York: The Free Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  19. Fitzgerald, J. D. The great brain. New York: Dell, 1967.Google Scholar
  20. Garmezy, N., and Neuchterlein, K. Invulnerable children: The fact and fiction of competence and disadvantage. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1972, 42, 328–329 (Abstract).Google Scholar
  21. Garmezy, N. Competence and adaptation in adult schizophrenic patients and children at risk. In S. R. Dean (Ed.), Schizophrenia: The first ten Dean Award lectures. New York: MSS Corporation, 1973.Google Scholar
  22. Garmezy, N. The study of competence in children at risk for severe psychopathology. In J. Anthony and C. Koupernik (Eds.), The child in his family: Children at psychiatric risk. New York: John Wiley, 1974.Google Scholar
  23. Garmezy, N. Children under stress: Perspectives on antecedents and correlates of vulnerability and resistance to psychopathology. In A. I. Rabin, J. Aronoff, A. M. Barclay, and R. A. Zucker (Eds.), Further explorations in personality. New York: Wiley and Sons, 1981.Google Scholar
  24. Gilmore, J. V. The productive personality. San Francisco: Albion Publishing Co., 1974.Google Scholar
  25. Haan, N. Coping and defending. New York: Academic Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  26. Harris, J. D. Normal children and mothers. Glencoe: Glencoe Free Press, 1959.Google Scholar
  27. Inbar, M. The vulnerable age phenomenon. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1976.Google Scholar
  28. Jessner, L., Blom, G. E., and Wagonfeld, S. Emotional implications of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy on children. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 1952, VII, 69–81.Google Scholar
  29. Keniston, K. All our children: The American family under pressure. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovitch, 1977.Google Scholar
  30. Kliman, A. S. Crisis: Psychological first aid for recovery and growth. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1978.Google Scholar
  31. Lazar, I., Hubbell, V. R., Murray, H., Rosche, M., and Royce, J. Summary report: Persistence of preschool effects. DHEW Publication //(OHDS) 78–30129, Ithaca, New York, October 1977.Google Scholar
  32. Lazar, I., and Darlington, R. B. Lasting effects after preschool. DHEW Publications //(OHDS) 79–30178, Ithaca, New York, October 1978.Google Scholar
  33. Mechanic, D. Social structure and personal adaptation: Some neglected dimensions. In G. V. Coelho, D. S. Hamburg, and J. E. Adams (Eds.), Coping and adaptation. New York: Basic Books, 1974.Google Scholar
  34. Mednick, S. A., and Witkin-Lanoil, G. H. Intervention in children at high risk for schizophrenia. In G. W. Albee and J. M. Joffe (Eds.), Primary prevention of psychopathology, Vol. I, Issues. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1977.Google Scholar
  35. Meichenbaum, D. H., and Goodman, J. Training impulsive children to talk to themselves: A means of developing self control. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1971, 77, 115–126.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Moore, B., and Fine, B. Glossary of psychoanalytic terms. New York: American Psychoanalytic Association, 1967.Google Scholar
  37. Morse, W. C., and Ravlin, M. M. Psychoeducation in the school setting. In S. L. Harrison (Ed.), Basic handbook of child psychiatry, Vol. III, Therapeutic interventions. New York: Basic Books, 1979.Google Scholar
  38. Murphy, L. B. The widening world of childhood. New York: Basic Books, 1962.Google Scholar
  39. Murphy, L. B., and Moriarty, A. E. Vulnerability, coping and growth from infancy to adolescence. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  40. Nuechterlein, C. C. Competent disadvantaged children: A review of research. Unpublished summa cum laude thesis, University of Minnesota, 1970.Google Scholar
  41. Psychiatric News. Advisory panel project need for 50,000 psychiatrists in 1990. Vol. XV, #17, 1980.Google Scholar
  42. Psychiatric News. Children of alcoholics said impaired. Vol. XV, #16, 1980.Google Scholar
  43. Roosa, M. W., Fitzgerald, H. E., and Carlson, N. A. Teenage and older mothers and their infants: A descriptive comparison. Mother Infant Project, Report 3. Institute for Family and Child Study, Michigan State University, January 1981.Google Scholar
  44. Rutter, M. Early sources of security and competence. Wolfson Lecture at Oxford University, February 10, 1976.Google Scholar
  45. Rutter, M. Fifteen thousand hours. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979.Google Scholar
  46. Rutter, M. Proactive factors in children’s responses to stress and disadvantage. In M. Kent and J. Rolf (Eds.), Primary prevention of psychopathology, Vol. 3. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1979.Google Scholar
  47. Sameroff, A. J., and Chandler, M. J. Reproductive risk and the continuum of caretaking casualty. In F. D. Horowitz (Ed.), Review of child development research, Vol. 4. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975.Google Scholar
  48. Segal, J. A child’s journey: Forces that shape the lives of our young. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978.Google Scholar
  49. Snapper, C. J., and Ohms, J. S. The status of children, 1977. DHEW Publication //(OHDS) 78–30133. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977.Google Scholar
  50. Spivack, G., and Shure, M. B. Social adjustment of young children. San Francisco: Jossey Bass, 1974.Google Scholar
  51. Stewart, K. R. Adolescent sexuality and teenage pregnancy: A selected annotated bibliography with summary forewards. Chapel Hill, North Carolina Population Center, 1976.Google Scholar
  52. White, R. W. Motivation reconsidered: The concept of competence. Psychological Review, 1959, 66, 297–333.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. White, R. W. Competence as an aspect of personal growth. M. W. Kent and J. E. Rolf (Eds.), Social competence in children. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1979.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gaston E. Blom
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, University Center for International RehabilitationMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Personalised recommendations