The Comparative Behavioral Ecology of Hyenas: The Importance of Diet and Food Dispersion

  • M. G. L. Mills


A close relationship between diet and food-dispersion patterns, on the one hand, and behavior and social organization, on the other, was first recorded in birds by Crook (1965). Subsequently, this relationship has been studied in a range of mammals: in bats (Bradbury and Vehrencamp 1976), in antelope (Jarman 1974), in primates as reviewed by Clutton-Brock and Harvey (1977), and in carnivores as reviewed by Macdonald (1983) and Bekoff et al. (1984). The hyaenids are highly suited for studies of this nature; they show a wide range of ecological and behavioral adaptations and social organizations (Kruuk 1975; Mills 1978a, 1984) and constitute only four extant species of three genera.


Large Carnivore Territory Size Spotted Hyena Large Food Item Striped Hyena 


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1989

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  • M. G. L. Mills

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