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A Multidimensional Psychobiological Model of Violence

  • C. Robert Cloninger
  • Dragan M. Svrakic
  • Nenad M. Svrakic
Part of the Nato ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 292)

Abstract

Violence is an interpersonal activity influenced by a complex interplay of multiple psychosocial and neurobiological factors. In this chapter, we will describe a general psychobiological model of personality with multiple components, each of which has a distinct psychological description, neurobiological substrate, and genetic and environmental causes. This general model includes components of reactive aggression, like the impulsive-aggressive temperament traits described by Eysenck and Eysenck (1985) and Barratt and colleagues (in press), and components ofpredatary aggression, like the non-impulsive hostile attitudes described by Huesmann and others (Dodge & Newman, 1981; Heilbrun et al, 1978). First, we will describe the general model of personality briefly, and then I will relate the general model to violence and the causes of aggressive criminality in particular. The interaction of these components in the development of violence will be described as a complex adaptive system with nonlinear dynamics.

Keywords

Personality Disorder Personality Development Reactive Aggression Complex Adaptive System Harm Avoidance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Robert Cloninger
    • 1
  • Dragan M. Svrakic
    • 1
  • Nenad M. Svrakic
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Psychobiology of Personality and Departments of Psychiatry and GeneticsWashington University Medical SchoolSt. LouisUSA

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