Cytokine Regulation of Filaria: Induced Airway and Corneal Disease

  • Eric Pearlman
  • Rajeev K. Mehlotra
  • Musa A. Haxhiu
  • Laurie R. Hall


Approximately 200 million individuals are infected with filarial helminths, the parasitic helminths that cause lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis (river blindness). Filariae are thread-like nematodes that are transmitted by the bite of blood-sucking arthropods (mosquitoes transmit lymphatic filariae and black flies transmit onchocerciasis). Adult males and females are viviparous, and the early first stage larvae, termed microfiariae, are present in either the blood (lymphatic filariae) or the skin (onchocerciasis).


Lymphatic Filariasis Airway Hyperresponsiveness Cytokine Regulation Cholinergic Agonist Eosinophil Recruitment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Pearlman
    • 1
  • Rajeev K. Mehlotra
    • 1
  • Musa A. Haxhiu
    • 1
  • Laurie R. Hall
    • 1
  1. 1.Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

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