Advertisement

Membrane Components

  • Roger Harrison
  • George G. Lunt
Part of the Tertiary Level Biology book series (TLB)

Abstract

while the composition of membranes varies with their source, they generally contain approximately 40% of their dry weight as lipid and 60% as protein, held together in a complex by non-covalent interactions. Usually carbohydrate is present to the extent of 1–10% of the total dry weight. This is covalently bonded either to lipid or to protein, and the carbohydrate-containing molecules will be considered as lipids or proteins as appropriate. In addition to the above components, membranes contain some 20% of their total weight as water, which is tightly bound and essential to the maintenance of their structure.

Keywords

Lipid Bilayer Sialic Acid Polar Lipid Membrane Component Steryl Ester 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ansell, G. B., Hawthorne, J. N. and Dawson, R. M. C. (eds.) (1973) Form and Function of Phospholipids, 2nd ed., Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  2. Brennan, P. J. and Lösel, D. M. (1978) ‘Physiology of fungal lipids: selected topics’ Adv. Microb. Physiol., 17, 47–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Demel, R. A. and de Kruyff, B. (1976) ‘The function of sterols in membranes’ Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 457, 109–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Di Rienzo, J. M., Nakamura, K. and Inouye, M. (1978) The outer membrane proteins of Gram-negative bacteria: biosynthesis, assembly, and functions’ Ann. Rev. Biochem., 47, 481–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Finnerty, W. R. (1978) ‘ Physiology and biochemistry of bacterial phospholipid metabolism’ Adv. Microb. Physiol., 18, 177–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Furthmayr, H. (1978) ‘ Glycophorins A, B and C: A Family of Sialoglycoproteins. Isolation and Preliminary Characterization of Trypsin Derived Peptides’ J. Supramol. Struct., 9, 79–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. IUPAC—IUB Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature (1978) ‘The nomenclature of lipids (Recommendations 1976)’ Biochem. J., 171, 21–35.Google Scholar
  8. Lux, S. E. (1979) ‘Dissecting the red cell membrane skeleton’ Nature, 281, 426–429 Maddy, A. H. (ed.) (1976) Biochemical Analysis of Membranes, Chapman and Hall, London.Google Scholar
  9. Marchesi, V. T. Furthmayr, H. and Tornita, M. (1976) ‘ The red cell membrane’ Ann. Rev. Biochem., 45, 667–671.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Moreau, F., Dupont, J. and Lance, C. (1974) ‘Phospholipid and fatty acid composition of outer and inner membranes of plant mitochondria’ Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 345, 294–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Philipp, E-I, Franke, W. W., Keenan, T. W., Stadler, J. and Jarasch, E-D. (1976) ‘Characterization of nuclear membranes and endoplasmic reticulum isolated from plant tissue’ J. Cell Biol., 68, 11–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Phutrakul, S. and Jones, M. N. (1979) ‘The effect of the incorporation of erythocyte membrane extracts on the permeability of bilayer lipid membranes and the identification of the monosaccharide transport proteins’ Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 550, 188–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pinder, J. C., Ungewickell, E., Bray, D. and Gratzer, W. B. (1978) ‘ The spectrin-actin complex and erythrocyte shape’ J. Supramol. Struct., 8, 439–445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rouser, G., Nelson, G. J., Fleischer, S. and Simon G. (1968) ‘Lipid composition of animal cell membranes, organelles and organs’ in Biological Membranes, Physical Fact and Function (ed. D. Chapman ), Academic Press, London, 5–69.Google Scholar
  15. Rubin, R. W. and Milikowski, C. (1978) ‘ Over two hundred polypeptides resolved from the human erythrocyte membrane’ Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 509, 100–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Schwertner, H. A. and Biale, J. B. (1973) ‘ Lipid composition of plant mitochondria and chloroplasts’ J. Lipid Res., 14, 235–242.Google Scholar
  17. Shaw, N. (1974) ‘Lipid composition as a guide to the classification of bacteria’ Adv. App. Microbiol., 17, 63–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Shaw, N. (1975) ‘Bacterial glycolipids and glycophospholipids’ Adv. Microb. Physiol., 12, 141–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Steck, T. L. (1978) ‘ The Band 3 Protein of the Human Red Cell Membrane: A Review’ J. Supramol. Struct., 8, 311–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tanner, M. J. A. (1978) ‘ Erythrocyte glycoproteins’ in Current Topics in Membranes and Transport, vol. 11 (ed. F. Bronner et al.), Academic Press, New York, 279–325.Google Scholar
  21. Tomita, M. Furthmayr, H. and Marchesi, V. T. (1978) ‘ Primary structure of human erythrocyte glycophorin A. Isolation and characterization of peptides and complete amino acid sequence’ Biochemistry, 17, 4756–4770.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© R. Harrison, G. G. Lunt 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Harrison
    • 1
  • George G. Lunt
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesUniversity of BathUK

Personalised recommendations