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Biochemistry of Halogenated Carbohydrates

  • Kenneth L. Kirk
Part of the Biochemistry of the Elements book series (BOTE, volume 9A+B)

Abstract

Halogenated carbohydrates received early attention as tools for the study of glycolysis, glyconeogenesis, and sugar transport [for reviews, see Barnett (1972), Taylor (1972), and Taylor et al. (1976)]. This research has been extended to many areas wherein halogenated carbohydrates have been used effectively as mechanistic probes and as leads for chemotherapeutic agents. For example, the successes realized in the use of halogenated sugars as components of nucleosides, nucleotides, and nucleic acids in the development of antitumor and antiviral agents have been discussed at length in the preceding chapter. Cell-surface glycoproteins are involved in immune response and other cellular recognition phenomena, and strategies to alter glycoprotein biosynthesis based on use of carbohydrate analogues have received much recent attention as a basis for chemotherapeutic drug design. Fluorine-18-labeled sugars are now clinically important positron emission tomography (PET) scanning agents. Halogenated sugars have also been used to study the mechanism of “sweetness.” These are among the topics that will be reviewed in this chapter. A recent concise overview of several of these topics related to fluorinated carbohydrates has been given by Kent (1988).

Keywords

Sialic Acid Glycosidic Bond Aldose Reductase Protein Glycosylation Triosephosphate Isomerase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth L. Kirk
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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