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An Introduction to Industrial Biocatalysis

  • Jonathan S. Dordick
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Applied Chemistry book series (TAPP)

Abstract

Nature is extremely diverse in terms of the large number and many types of organic molecules required for life. This diversity is made possible solely due to the wide catalytic scope of enzymes. It is the ability to harness the catalytic power of enzymes and use it for the synthesis of commercially important products that represents the core technology of applied biocatalysis. This chapter provides an introduction into the field of applied biocatalysis. Specifically, the commercial use of biocatalysts in the food, medical (diagnostic), chemical, and pharmaceutical industries will be discussed along with the future potential for biocatalyst application in such areas. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of using biocatalysts vs. chemical catalysts will be examined in order to rationalize the use of biocatalysts for processes that have traditionally been slow to utilize such a novel approach.

Keywords

Formaldehyde Urea Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase Glucose Isomerase Glycerol Kinase Sugar Ester 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan S. Dordick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biochemical EngineeringUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA

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