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The Aflatoxins: Evolution, Function and Prospects for Control

  • Deidre A. Carter
  • Nai Tran-Dinh
  • Michael Stat
  • Swapna Kumar
  • Tien Bui
  • John I. Pitt
Chapter

Abstract

Aflatoxins were discovered in 1960, following the deaths of 100,000 turkeys in the United Kingdom, large numbers of ducklings in Kenya, and, almost simultaneously, the finding of widespread hepatoma in hatchery reared trout in California. The turkey deaths was traced to toxic feed from Brazil, and led to the discovery that the common mould Aspergillus flavus was a producer of a potent set of hepatotoxins, which became known as aflatoxins. Subsequent work showed that four aflatoxins occurred naturally, named aflatoxins B 1, B2, GI and G2, based on the compounds’ blue or green fluorescence under ultra violet light and their relative position on thin layer chromatography plates. The acute toxicity of aflatoxins to all domestic animal species was established soon after their discovery. Their potential carcinogenicity to animals and, by implication, humans, became evident a few years later (Stoloff, 1977). Indeed aflatoxin B1 is regarded as the most potent known liver carcinogen.

Keywords

Aflatoxin Production Vegetative Compatibility Cyclopiazonic Acid Peanut Plant Aspergillus Parasiticus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deidre A. Carter
    • 1
  • Nai Tran-Dinh
    • 1
  • Michael Stat
    • 1
  • Swapna Kumar
    • 1
  • Tien Bui
    • 1
  • John I. Pitt
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of SydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Food Science AustraliaNorth RydeAustralia

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