Mechanical Support for the Failing Heart

  • Peter P. McKeown
  • Stephen G. Kovacs
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 235)


For an increasing number of cardiac patients mechanical support devices have meant the difference between life and death. Mechanical support encompasses cardiopulmonary bypass, intra-aortic balloon pumping, ventricular assist devices including pulsatile and nonpulsatile systems, and the total artificial heart (TAH). Circulatory support can be considered temporary (pending recovery of the natural heart or transplantation) or permanent. While the early experience with the Jarvik-7 TAH was disappointing, the severe shortage of donor hearts is stimulating attempts to develop other permanent implantable support systems. The technical and engineering challenges to produce a successful permanent artificial heart are significant but provide an exciting field of research for what we believe is an achievable goal.


Centrifugal Pump Mechanical Valve Circulatory Support Ventricular Assist Device Artificial Heart 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter P. McKeown
    • 1
  • Stephen G. Kovacs
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cardiovascular Surgery Department of Surgery, MDC 0016The University of South FloridaTampaUSA

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