Gap analysis is often used as a fundamental method in performance evaluation and benchmarking. However, gap analysis only deals one measure at a time. It is rare that one single measure can suffice for the purpose of performance evaluation (Camp, 1995). As a result, some multi-factor based gap analysis methods have been developed. e.g., Spider charts, AHP maturity index, and Z charts. Although gaps can be identified with respect to individual performance measures, it remains a challenging task to combine the multiple measures in the final stage. Therefore, benchmarking models that can deal with multiple performance measures and provide an integrated benchmarking measure are needed.


Efficiency Score Benchmark Model Efficiency Ratio Solver Parameter Minimum Efficiency 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joe Zhu
    • 1
  1. 1.Worcester Polytechnic InstituteUSA

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