Efforts to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 through Human Milk
About a third of mothers who are positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infect their newborn infants (UNAIDS/WHO 2002). Most vertical transmission occurs during gestation and delivery (Edgeworth & Ugen 2000). Breastfeeding by an HIV-positive woman adds an additional 14% to the risk of in utero and intrapartum transmission (Dunn et al. 1992). Alternatives to breastfeeding or modulation of breastfeeding techniques that are accessible, acceptable, and safe to use in low- and middle-income countries are in demand. Thus, research on making breastfeeding safer is a high priority. The purpose of this chapter is to review treatment approaches to decrease or eliminate HIV in human milk.
KeywordsHuman Immunodeficiency Virus Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type Human Milk Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission
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