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Lactoferrin Blocks the Initial Host Cell Attachment Mechanism of Enteropathogenic E. Coli (EPEC)

  • Theresa J. Ochoa
  • Marita Noguera-Obenza
  • Thomas G. Cleary
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 554)

Abstract

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a major cause of infantile diarrhea. The initial event in pathogenesis of EPEC and many other bacterial enteropathogens (Shigella, Salmonella, Yersinia, and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli) involves production and translocation of bacterial proteins through a needle complex. In EPEC, multimers of E. coli secreted protein A (EspA) assemble into a transiently expressed tube between the bacteria and the host cell. Secreted proteins (EspB, EspD, and others) are introduced into host cells via this conduit, triggering cytoskeletal events that lead to the intimate attachment of bacteria to the epithelial surface, effacement of host microvilli and pedestal formation [“attaching and effacing” lesion] (Vallance & Finlay 2000; Sekiya et al. 2001).

Keywords

Human Milk Human Lactoferrin Infantile Diarrhea Pedestal Formation Recombinant Human Lactoferrin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theresa J. Ochoa
    • 1
  • Marita Noguera-Obenza
    • 1
  • Thomas G. Cleary
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious DiseasesUniversity of Texas Medical School at HoustonHoustonUSA

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