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Preventing Cerebral Complications of Cardiac Surgery

  • Marc I. Chimowitz
  • Anthony J. Furlan

Abstract

Considering the number of potential threats during heart surgery, the brain has proved to be remarkably resistant to serious injury. Nonetheless, stroke and encephalopathy remain major causes of morbidity following open heart surgery (OHS) (Table 18.1). This chapter focuses on the incidence, etiology, and prevention of these complications. The data presented largely apply to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery since our knowledge of the cerebral complications of OHS is derived mostly from studies of this operation. However, in a study from our institution, the risk of stroke or encephalopathy during CABG surgery did not differ significantly from other forms of cardiac surgery not involving transplantation.1

Keywords

Single Photon Emission Computerize Tomography Cerebral Blood Flow Cerebral Perfusion Pressure Stroke Risk Carotid Endarterectomy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc I. Chimowitz
  • Anthony J. Furlan

There are no affiliations available

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