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Operations for Necrotizing Fasciitis of Abdominal Wall and Infected Abdominal Wound Dehiscence

  • Jameson L. Chassin

Abstract

Necrotizing fasciitis that involves the superficial fascia of the abdominal wall produces necrosis primarily of the subcutaneous fat. The appearance of the overlying skin may be deceptively normal. A small area of apparent skin necrosis may be accompanied by an extensive (5–10 cm) area of necrotic subcutaneous fat. The underlying musculoaponeurotic layer often remains intact. The bacterial organisms are generally beta-hemolytic streptococci, staphylococci, or Gram-negative rods combined with anaerobes. Therapy requires the prompt excision of all of the subcutaneous fat and overlying skin until the surgeon encounters subcutaneous fat and skin that bleeds upon being incised. Take multiple samples of tissue and/or pus for culture and immediate Gram’s stain studies. Aitken, Mackett, and Smith advise serial studies of muscle compartment pressures (wick catheter, Sorensen Research Co., Sandy, Ohio) in patients with necrotizing diseases of the extremities. Elevated compartmental pressure recordings constitute an indication for fasciotomy, biopsy, and debridement.

Keywords

Necrotizing Fasciitis Marlex Mesh Prolene Mesh Gauze Packing Retention Suture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jameson L. Chassin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.New York University School of MedicineUSA
  2. 2.Booth Memorial Medical CenterFlushingUSA
  3. 3.University Hospital, New York University Medical CenterUSA
  4. 4.New York Veterans Administration HospitalUSA
  5. 5.Bellevue HospitalUSA

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