Transthoracic Gastroplasty (Collis) and Nissen Fundoplication
As discussed in the previous chapters (see esp. Chap. 10), this operation is indicated in patients with reflux esophagitis that has caused a significant degree of fibrosis, constriction, and shortening of the esophagus. In some patients without much esophageal shortening, advanced fibrosis itself will interfere with the antireflux efficiency of a fundoplication because the rigid esophageal walls will not be compressed by the fundoplication. For this reason, Pearson and Henderson; Urschel, Razzuk, Wood, Galbraith et al.; and Orringer and colleagues (see Chap. 10) believe that almost every esophageal stricture caused by reflux should be treated by a Collis gastroplasty and an antireflux procedure. A previous subtotal gastrectomy generally contraindicates a Collis gastroplasty. Most patients with recurrent reflux esophagitis after a previous operation will require a thoracoabdominal Collis-Nissen operation.
KeywordsVagus Nerve Staple Line Esophageal Stricture Esophagogastric Junction Left Gastric Artery
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