Advertisement

Ultrasound Imaging and Swallowing

  • Barbara C. Sonies

Abstract

Ultrasound imaging is uniquely suited for investigating soft tissue structures. This modality has been used successfully to view the thyroid, abdomen, fetus, heart, bladder, and genitalia, and to visualize muscles and soft tissue tumors (1–3). Because of its inherent advantages (Table 8.1), this technique was recently adapted for viewing the oral cavity during swallowing (4–7). Ultrasound is totally noninvasive and thus studies can be performed repeatedly or for extended periods of time without risk of future tissue change. Because ultrasound is basically risk free, it should be used when studying infants and young children. Furthermore, because of the transduction properties of sound waves, various soft tissues can be distinguished from fluids, semisolids, and solid materials. Thus, no contrast material is needed to visualize the oropharynx and, in the case of swallowing, normal foods can be used during a study.

Keywords

Oral Cavity Vocal Fold Hyoid Bone Thyroid Cartilage Transverse View 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Heckmatt JZ, Pier N, Dubowitz V: Real-time ultrasound imaging of muscles. Muscle Nerve 1988;11:56–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fischer AQ, Carpenter DW, Hartlage PL, Carroll JE, Stephens S: Muscle imaging in neuromuscular disease using computerized real-time sonography. Muscle Nerve 1988;11:270–275.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ishikawa H, Ishill F, et al: Evaluation of grayscale ultrasonography in the investigation of oral and neck mass lesions. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1983;41:775–781.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shawker TH, Sonies BC, Stone M, Baum BJ: Real-time ultrasound visualization of tongue movement during swallowing. JCU 1983;11:485–490.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shawker TH, Sonies BC, Hall TE, Baum BF: Ultrasound analysis of tongue, hyoid and larynx activity during swallowing. Invest Radiol 1984; 19:82–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shawker TH, Stone M, Sonies BC: Sonography of speech and swallow, in Sanders RC, Hill MC (eds): Ultrasound Annual. New York, Raven Press, 1984, pp 237–260.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shawker TH, Sonies BC, Stone M: Soft tissue anatomy of the tongue and floor of the mouth: An ultrasound demonstration. Brain Language 1984;21:335–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gritzman N, Frühwald F: Sonographic anatomy of tongue and floor of the mouth. Dysphagia 1988;3:196–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Keneko T, Numata T, Suzuki H, Hino T, Komatsu K, Masuda T: Newly developed ultrasound laryngographic equipment and its clinical application, in Fujimura D (ed): Social Physiology: Voice Production, Mechanism and Functions. New York, Raven Press, 1988, pp 271–278.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Raghavendra BN, Horri SC, Reede DL, Rumancik WM, Persky M, Bergeron T: Sonographic anatomy of the larynx with particular reference to the vocal cords. J Ultrasound Med 1987;6(5):225–230.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hamlet SL, Stone M, Shawker T: Posterior tongue grooving in deglutition and speech: Preliminary observation. Dysphagia 1988;3:65–68.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sonies BC, Parent L, Morrish K, Baum BJ: Durational aspects of the oral-pharyngeal swallow in normal adults. Dysphagia 1988;3(1):1–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stone M, Shawker T: An ultrasound examination of tongue movement during swallowing. Dysphagia 1986;1:78–83.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sonies BC, Stone M, Shawker T: Speech and swallowing in the elderly. J Gerodontol 1984;3:115–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Caruso AJ, Sonies BC, Atkinson JC, Fox PC: Objective measures of swallowing in patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome. Dysphagia 1989;4:101–105.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Weber F, Woolridge MW, Baum JD: An ultrasonographic study of the organization of sucking and swallowing by newborn infants. Dev Med Child Neurol 1986;28:19–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Smith WL, Erenberg A, Nowak A, Franken EA Jr: Physiology of sucking in the normal term infant using real-time. Ultrasound Radiol 1985;156:379–381.Google Scholar

Suggested Reading

  1. Krespi YP, Blitzer A (eds): Aspiration and swallowing disorders. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1988;21(4).Google Scholar
  2. Logemann J: Evaluation and Treatment of Swallowing Disorders. San Diego, College-Hill Press, 1983.Google Scholar
  3. Wicks JD, Howe KS: Fundamentals of Ultrasonographic Technique. Chicago, Year Book Medical Publishers, 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara C. Sonies

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations