Swallowing in Children

  • Sandra S. Kramer


In children, a swallowing difficulty may occur as an isolated problem but is more commonly seen as one of a constellation of problems in a patient with multiple abnormalities (1). Especially at risk are children with neurological and myopathic impairments, congenital malformations, and syndromes (2,3) (Table 11.1). Central nervous system injuries from infection, anoxia, trauma or vascular accident, hydrocephalus, mental retardation, and cerebral palsy are the most common problems encountered in this patient population.


Soft Palate Oral Feeding Esophageal Atresia Impaired Child Posterior Pharyngeal Wall 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

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  • Sandra S. Kramer

There are no affiliations available

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