Long-Term and Large-Scale Change in Marine Ecosystems
We have so far mainly examined mechanisms and processes that control populational, community, and ecosystem changes over relatively short time periods (up to a year) and relatively small spatial scales. Marine systems are also exposed to changes at rather larger scales and over multiyear (secular) time intervals. Different processes and mechanisms may be involved in changes over different ranges space and time intervals.
KeywordsSalt Marsh Marine Ecosystem Sediment Load Striped Bass ENSO Event
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