The Neuropsychological Basis of Problems in Writing, Spelling, and Arithmetic

  • William H. Gaddes


This chapter will discuss the processes of writing and spelling as the logical sequence to the discussion in Chapter 8 of reading and reading problems, because a child who “has difficulty in the comprehension and use of spoken or read language,... will probably have difficulty learning to use written language” (Chalfant & Scheffelin, 1969). The reader will remember that according to Myklebust’s developmental hierarchy of language skills, written language is the last to be acquired and is only learned normally if all of the preceding stages have been successfully established. Not only is writing the last language function to be acquired, but it is practiced and used least, even by highly educated people. This may account for its being the first language skill to suffer following any type of diffuse brain damage or deterioration. It is a common observation that most elderly people lose their ability to write letters while still retaining the competence for normal simple conversation.


Brain Damage Left Temporal Lobe Remedial Teaching Auditory Sequencing Developmental Dyscalculia 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • William H. Gaddes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

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