Advertisement

Hydrodynamics of Tidal Inlets

  • J. van de Kreeke
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 29)

Abstract

A review of the hydrodynamics of tidal inlets is presented. In discussing the hydro-dynamics a distinction is made between 1 dimensional (vertically and horizontally averaged) models and 2 dimensional (vertically averaged) models. For the ID models, the governing equations are derived. Numerical and approximate analytical solutions are presented. The analytical solutions are cast in a common framework and compared to a solution obtained on an analog computer. For the 2 dimensional vertically averaged model, problems encountered in the formulation of the equations and the numerical solution techniques are discussed, notably those associated with the lateral shear and the advective acceleration. Finally, a brief review is presented of the analytic expressions for the ebb tidal flow at the ocean side of the inlet (near field hydrodynamics) and the generation of higher harmonics and residual currents.

Keywords

Bottom Friction Residual Current Approximate Analytical Solution Tidal Amplitude Inlet Channel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abbott, M.B. and Rasmussen, C.H., 1977. On the numerical modelling of rapid expansions and contractions in models that are two-dimensional in plan. Proceedings 17th Congress of the International Association for Hydraulic Research. Vol. 2, p. 229–239.Google Scholar
  2. Amein, M., 1975. Computation of Flow Through Masonboro Inlet. Journal of the Waterways, Harbors and Coastal Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, 101: WW1:93–108.Google Scholar
  3. Aubrey, D.G. and Speer, P.E., 1984. Updrift migration of tidal inlets. Journal of Geology, 92:531–545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aubrey, D.G., 1986. Hydrodynamic controls on sediment transport in well-mixed bays and estuaries. In: van de Kreeke, J. (ed.), Physics of Shallow Estuaries and Bays, Springer-Verlag, 280 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Benqué, J.P., Cunge, J.A., Feuillet, J., Hauguel, A. and Holly, F.M., Jr., 1982. New method for tidal current computation. Journal of the Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Division. ASCE, 108:WW3:396–417.Google Scholar
  6. Brown, E.L., 1928. Inlets on sandy coasts. Proceedings, American Society of Civil Engineers, 54:505–553.Google Scholar
  7. DiLorenzo, J.L., 1986. The overtide and filtering response of inlet-bay systems. Dissertation presented to the State University of New York at Stony Brook, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, 214 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Dronkers, J.J., 1964. Tidal computations in rivers and coastal waters. North Holland Publishing Company, 518 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Dronkers, J., 1986. Tide-induced residual transport of fine sediment. In: J. van de Kreeke (ed.), Physics of Shallow Estuaries and Bays, Springer-Verlag, 280 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Falconer, R.A., 1980. Numerical modeling of tidal circulation in harbors. Journal of the Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Division, ASCE, 106:WWl:31–48.Google Scholar
  11. French, J.L., 1960. Tidal flow in entrances. Technical Bulletin No. 3, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Committee on Tidal Hydraulics, Vicksburg, Mississippi, 49 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Harris, D.L. and Bodine, B.R., 1977. Comparison of numerical and physical hydraulic models, Masonboro Inlet, North Carolina. U.S. Army Engineers Waterways Experiment Station, G.I.T.I. Report 6, 195 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Huval, C.J. and Wintergerst, G.L., 1977. Comparison of numerical and physical hydraulic models, Masonboro Inlet, North Carolina. Appendix 4 Simplified Numerical (Lumped Parameter) Simulation. G.I.T.I. Report 6, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Coastal Engineering Research Center, Fort Belvoir, VA, 115 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Ismail, N.M. and Wiegel, R.L., 1983. Opposing wave effect on momentum jet spreading rate. Journal of the Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Division, ASCE, 109:WW4:465–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Joshi, P.B., 1982. Hydromechanics of tidal jets. Journal of the Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, Proc. Paper 17294, 108:WW3:239–253.Google Scholar
  16. Joshi, P.B. and Taylor, R.B., 1983. Circulation induced by tidal jets. Journal of the Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, 109(WW4):445–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Keulegan, G.H., 1951. Third progress report on tidal flow in entrances: water level fluctuations of basins in communication with seas. Report No. 1146, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C, 28 pp.Google Scholar
  18. King, D.B., 1974. The dynamics of inlets and bays. Technical Report No. 22, Coastal and Oceanographic Engineering Laboratory, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 86 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Knight, D.W., 1981. Some field measurements concerned with the behavior of resistance coefficients in a tidal channel. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 12:303–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Le Méhauté, B., 1976. An introduction to hydrodynamics and water waves. Springer-Verlag, 315 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Mehta, A.J. and Özsoy, E., 1978. Inlet hydraulics: flow dynamics and nearshore transport. In: Bruun, P. (ed.), Stability of Tidal Inlets: Theory and Engineering, Section 3.1, Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., p. 83–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mei, C.C. and Liu, P.L.F., 1974. Quadratic loss and scattering of long waves. The Journal of the Waterways, Harbors and Coastal Engineering Division. ASCE, 100:WW3:217–239.Google Scholar
  23. Özsoy, E., 1977. Flow and mass transport in the vicinity of tidal inlets. Technical Report No. TR-036, Coastal and Oceanographic Engineering Laboratory, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 196 pp.Google Scholar
  24. Özsoy, E. and Ünlüata, E., 1982. Ebb-tidal flow characteristics near inlets. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 14:3:251–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Reid, R.O. and Bodine, B.R., 1968. Numerical model for storm surges in Galveston Bay. Journal of the Waterways and Harbors Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, Proc. Paper 5805,94:WWl:33–57.Google Scholar
  26. Rouse, H. 1938. Fluid Mechanics for Hydraulic Engineers. Dover Publications, Inc. New York, 422 pp.Google Scholar
  27. Seelig, W.N., Harris, D.L. and Herchenroder, B.E., 1977. A spatially integrated numerical model of inlet hydraulics. G.I.T.I. Report 14, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Coastal Engineering Research Center, Fort Belvoir, VA, 101 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Stoker, J.J., 1957. Water Waves. Interscience Publishers Inc. New York, 567 pp.Google Scholar
  29. Tollmien, W., 1926. Berechnung turbulenter Ausbreitungs-vorgänge. Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, Vol. 6, p. 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. van de Kreeke, J., 1967. Water level fluctuations and flows in tidal inlets. Journal of the Waterways, Harbors and Coastal Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, Proc. Paper 5575 , 93:WW4:97–106.Google Scholar
  31. van de Kreeke, J., 1971. Tide-induced mass transport in shallow lagoons. Dissertation presented to the University of Florida, at Gainesville, FL, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, 111 pp.Google Scholar
  32. van de Kreeke, J., 1972. A numerical model for the hydromechanics of lagoons. Proceedings of the Thirteenth Coastal Engineering Conference, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vancouver, Canada, vol. 3, Ch. 128, p. 2241–2254.Google Scholar
  33. van de Kreeke, J., 1976. Increasing the mean current in coastal channels. Journal of the Waterways, Harbors and Coastal Engineering Division. American Society of Civil Engineers, 102:WW2:223–234.Google Scholar
  34. van de Kreeke, J., 1978. Mass transport in a coastal channel, Marco River, Florida. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 7:203–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Verboom, G.K., Flokstra, C. and Wiersma, A.K., 1986. Computation of Steady Recirculating Flow in Complex Geometries Proceedings VI International Conference on Finite Elements in Water Resources, Lisbon.Google Scholar
  36. Walton, T.L. and Escoffier, F.F., 1981. Linearized solution to inlet equation with inertia. Journal of the Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Division, ASCE, 107:WW3:191–195.Google Scholar
  37. Wang, J.D. and van de Kreeke, J., 1986. Tidal circulation in North Biscayne Bay. Journal of Waterways, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, 112:(6):615–631.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. van de Kreeke
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Applied Marine Physics, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric ScienceUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations