Epidemiology and Mechanism of Injury

  • Kenneth J. Koval
  • Joseph D. Zuckerman


The incidence of hip fracture varies substantially from country to country. Table 2.1 summarizes hip fracture incidence by age, sex, and region. The lowest incidence, 5.6 per 100,000, has been documented among the South African Bantus.1 A study in Spain reported an incidence of 27 per 100,000,2 whereas an incidence of 31.5 cases per 100,000 has been reported in Hong Kong.3 The incidence in England has been reported as 43 per 100,000.4 In Sweden, the incidence of hip fractures is 69.6 per 100,000,5 while in the United States, it is approximately 80 per 100,000.6


Bone Mineral Density Femoral Neck Proximal Femur Distal Radius Fracture Trochanteric Fracture 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth J. Koval
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joseph D. Zuckerman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryNYU — Hospital for Joint DiseasesUSA
  2. 2.Orthopaedic SurgeryNYU School of MedicineUSA

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