APIs, Standards, and Databases
For wide acceptance of biometrics, standards for interfaces and methods for performance evaluation are needed. Unfortunately, at the hardware level, the devices for biometrics still remain non-inter-operable except when sharing a common existing standard such as NTSC video. However, at the next level several standards are in the process of being developed and promoted. For instance, the Bio API [11,215] is a standard for the application programming interface allowing the decoupling of biometrics-technologies from the applications that use them. In terms of standardized evaluation, NIST is playing an important role in designing several fingerprint databases [222–226] and conducting speaker verification tests. Similarly, the US Department of Defense runs the FERET and FRVT face recognition tests. This chapter will further describe the current inter-operability standards and common public databases.
KeywordsFace Database Speaker Recognition Fingerprint Image Speaker Verification FERET Database
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