• J. A. Bittencourt


The word plasma is used to describe a wide variety of macroscopically neutral substances containing many interacting free electrons and ionized atoms or molecules, which exhibit collective behavior due to the long-range coulomb forces. Not all media containing charged particles, however, can be classified as plasmas. For a collection of interacting charged and neutral particles to exhibit plasma behavior it must satisfy certain conditions, or criteria, for plasma existence. These criteria will be discussed in some detail in the next section.


Combustion Permeability Welding Mercury Attenuation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Bittencourt
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute for Space Research (INPE)São José dos Campos, SPBrazil

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